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Observational studies suggest a longer duration of breastfeeding to be associated dose dependently with a decrease in risk of overweight in later life. The authors performed a comprehensive meta-analysis of the existing studies on duration of breastfeeding and risk of overweight. Studies were included that reported the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval(More)
Frühere Studien bei Patienten mit akutem Myokardinfarkt zeigten eine höhere Krankenhaussterblichkeit von Frauen, speziell jüngeren Frauen, im Vergleich zu Männern. Da die Behandlung des akuten Myokardinfarktes sich schnell entwickelt und nachdem geschlechtsspezifische Aspekte in den letzten Jahren detailliert diskutiert wurden, war es unser Ziel die(More)
Häusliche Gewalt ist eines der gravierenden Risiken für die Gesundheit von Frauen. Bislang wurde diesem Zusammenhang in Deutschland sowohl in der Forschung als auch in der medizinischen Versorgung zu wenig Beachtung geschenkt. Das S.I.G.N.A.L.-Interventionsprogramm setzt bei diesem Defizit an. Im Rahmen der wissenschaftlichen Begleitforschung zur(More)
BACKGROUND Substantial deficits in the care of depression make the provision of new evidence-based care models a matter of increasing importance. So far, disease management programs (DMPs) have not been systematically assessed. OBJECTIVE This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials investigating the effectiveness of(More)
BACKGROUND Women with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) exhibit greater hospital mortality than do men. In general, diabetes mellitus is one of the major factors influencing the outcome of patients with AMI. The aim of this study was to analyze the interaction between diabetes and gender, specifically with regard to the higher hospital mortality of female(More)
A modeling approach termed 'nicotine bridging' is presented to estimate exposure to mainstream smoke constituents. The method is based on: (1) determination of harmful and potentially harmful constituents (HPHC) and in vitro toxicity parameter-to-nicotine regressions obtained using multiple machine-smoking protocols, (2) nicotine uptake distributions(More)
OBJECTIVE In health promotion studies, young age, male gender, low education, and substance use have been found to be relevant predictors of loss to follow-up. The purpose of this study was to assess factors of loss to follow-up after screening and tailored brief advice for alcohol problems in an emergency department setting. METHOD A randomized(More)
In 3 controlled multi-center studies, 372 patients suffering from dermatomycoses were treated with isoconazole as cream, solution, and spray either once or twice daily. Neither with regard to the duration of healing nor the healing rates were observed statistically significant differences between the two modes of treatment. As to the forms of preparation,(More)
National surveys as well as European comparative studies suggest that differences in treatment of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) exist. The extent to which these variations influence the outcome of hospital care delivered to STE-MI patients in everyday routine is mostly unknown. In this study data representative of hospital care(More)
Domestic violence (DV) is a serious risk for women's health. So far, little attention has been paid to this area in research and medical care in Germany. Acknowledging this deficit, the S.I.G.N.A.L.-Intervention Project has started to develop a program to improve the medical care for victimized women. For the first time in Germany, data on the health care(More)