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Observational studies suggest a longer duration of breastfeeding to be associated dose dependently with a decrease in risk of overweight in later life. The authors performed a comprehensive meta-analysis of the existing studies on duration of breastfeeding and risk of overweight. Studies were included that reported the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval(More)
BACKGROUND Substantial deficits in the care of depression make the provision of new evidence-based care models a matter of increasing importance. So far, disease management programs (DMPs) have not been systematically assessed. OBJECTIVE This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials investigating the effectiveness of(More)
AIMS Previous studies have shown higher hospital mortality rates in women, especially younger women, than in men. In light of the fact that myocardial infarction therapy is rapidly developing, and since gender-specific aspects have been discussed in detail during recent years, it was our goal to re-evaluate factors influencing hospital mortality rate,(More)
A modeling approach termed 'nicotine bridging' is presented to estimate exposure to mainstream smoke constituents. The method is based on: (1) determination of harmful and potentially harmful constituents (HPHC) and in vitro toxicity parameter-to-nicotine regressions obtained using multiple machine-smoking protocols, (2) nicotine uptake distributions(More)
BACKGROUND Women with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) exhibit greater hospital mortality than do men. In general, diabetes mellitus is one of the major factors influencing the outcome of patients with AMI. The aim of this study was to analyze the interaction between diabetes and gender, specifically with regard to the higher hospital mortality of female(More)
OBJECTIVE In health promotion studies, young age, male gender, low education, and substance use have been found to be relevant predictors of loss to follow-up. The purpose of this study was to assess factors of loss to follow-up after screening and tailored brief advice for alcohol problems in an emergency department setting. METHOD A randomized(More)
National surveys as well as European comparative studies suggest that differences in treatment of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) exist. The extent to which these variations influence the outcome of hospital care delivered to STE-MI patients in everyday routine is mostly unknown. In this study data representative of hospital care(More)
Domestic violence (DV) is a serious risk for women's health. So far, little attention has been paid to this area in research and medical care in Germany. Acknowledging this deficit, the S.I.G.N.A.L.-Intervention Project has started to develop a program to improve the medical care for victimized women. For the first time in Germany, data on the health care(More)
Observational studies suggest a longer duration of breastfeeding to be associated dose dependently with a decrease in risk of overweight in later life. The authors performed a comprehensive meta-analysis of the existing studies on duration of breastfeeding and risk of overweight. Studies were included that reported the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval(More)
The postgraduate Masters Program in Epidemiology (MSc) was established in 2001 in Germany in Bielefeld, Munich and Berlin. The study program is conducted with a common curriculum. Its aim is the qualification of new scientists for jobs in the field of epidemiological research, as well as the training of scientists working in this area. This article reports(More)