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Functional characterization studies revealed that transcriptional activity of the human monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene is modulated by a polymorphic repetitive sequence located approximately 1.2 kb upstream of the ATG codon. To investigate the possible influence of the allelic variants of the MAOA gene-linked polymorphic region (MAOA-LPR) on the genetic(More)
The total cortical and striatal neurone and glial numbers were estimated in five cases of Huntington's disease (three males, two females) and five age- and sex-matched control cases. Serial 500-microns-thick gallocyanin-stained frontal sections through the left hemisphere were analysed using Cavalieri's principle for volume and the optical disector for cell(More)
A review of neurochemical research on classical neurotransmitters, i.e. acetylcholine, serotonin, noradrenaline, dopamine, glutamate, and GABA in Alzheimer's disease is presented. Findings are linked to the information processing system of the human brain to establish a more functional neurochemistry. On this basis, different pharmacotherapeutic strategies(More)
The centromedian-parafascicular complex represents a nodal point in the neuronal loop comprising striatum--globulus pallidus--thalamus--striatum. Striatal neurone degeneration is a hallmark in Huntington's disease and we were interested in estimating total neurone and glial number in this thalamic nuclear complex. Serial 500-microns-thick(More)
A possible dysregulation of dopaminergic neurotransmission has been implicated in the aetiology of schizophrenic psychoses, in particular of paranoid-hallucinatory states, and of the manic episodes of bipolar affective disorder. In the present study we analysed allelic and genotypic variations of a recently described functional deletion/insertion variant(More)
The peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (pBZD-R; also called the omega-3 receptor or the mitochondrial benzodiazepine receptor) seems to play a critical role in the production of neurosteroids, which are able to alter the electrical properties of neuronal membranes and thus the firing patterns of neurons. Putative endogenous ligands are the(More)
This study investigates the role of endogenous opioids in the regulation of pain in humans. Two groups of healthy volunteers were subjected to different stress situations (cold pressor and arithmetic). In a double-blind design the changes in pain tolerance after stress were measured after an injection of either 0.8 mg naloxone or placebo. The cold pressor(More)
The 5'-flanking region of the human dopamine transporter (hDAT) was systematically screened for variants by single strand conformation analysis (SSCA) between -1586 and +97 basepair (bp) relative to the transcription start site. Five diallelic polymorphisms were found, which were shown to be due to single base substitutions: T-67A, G-660C, C-839T, C-1169G,(More)
A possible dysregulation of serotonergic neurotransmission has been implicated in the aetiology of schizophrenic psychoses. In the present study we analysed allelic and genotypic variations of a recently described functional polymorphic region in the promoter of the human serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) and a variable tandem repeat (VNTR) in intron 2(More)
The sophisticated analysis of and growing information on the human brain requires that acquisition, dissection, storage and distribution of rare material are managed in a professional way. In this publication we present the consensus of the European work group "European Dementia and Schizophrenia Network", granted by the BIOMED I project of the EU, on(More)