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OBJECTIVE Thyroid function alters the pharmacokinetics of many drugs; one example is the cardiac glycoside digoxin. Because digoxin disposition is affected by intestinal expression of P-glycoprotein, we hypothesized that thyroid hormones may regulate P-glycoprotein and influence disposition of P-glycoprotein substrates. METHODS Duodenal expression of(More)
BACKGROUND P-Glycoprotein is an efflux pump in many epithelial cells with excretory function. It has been demonstrated that rifampin (INN, rifampicin) induces P-glycoprotein, particularly in the gut wall. We therefore hypothesized that rifampin affects pharmacokinetics of the P-glycoprotein substrate talinolol, a beta1-blocker without appreciable metabolic(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent data indicated that disposition of oral digoxin is modulated by intestinal P-glycoprotein. The cardioselective beta-blocker talinolol has been described to be secreted by way of P-glycoprotein into the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract after oral and intravenous administration. We therefore hypothesized that coadministration of digoxin(More)
Phenotypes of the N-acetylation and debrisoquine type oxidation polymorphism were determined with sulfamethazine and debrisoquine in 145 healthy volunteers (31-80 years, 64 males, 81 females) of a North-East German area. Seventeen (11.7%) were poor metabolizers of debrisoquine and 81 (55.9%) slow acetylators of sulfamethazine. No significant correlations(More)
The beta(1)-selective blocker talinolol is incompletely absorbed in man from an "absorption window" in the upper small intestine which is under control of P-glycoprotein. The following single dose, four-period, changeover study with 7 days washout in 36 healthy subjects (21 females, age 20-33 years) was designed to confirm bioequivalence of four marketed(More)
Bioequivalence studies are usually performed as crossover studies and, therefore, information on the intrasubject coefficient of variation is needed for sample size planning. However, this information is usually not accessible in publications on bioequivalence studies, and only the pooled inter- and intrasubject coefficient of variation for either test or(More)
The disposition of the beta-blocking drug talinolol is controlled by P-glycoprotein in man. Because talinolol is marketed as a racemate, we reevaluated the serum-concentration time profiles of talinolol of a previously published study with single intravenous (30 mg) and repeated oral talinolol (100 mg for 14 days) before and after comedication of rifampicin(More)
Bioavailability of Vagimid 500 tablets (film coated, 500 mg metronidazole) and absorption of metronidazole into the systemic circulation after vaginal administration of Vagimid vaginal tablets (100 mg metronidazole) relative to respective listed references were studied in 16 female healthy volunteers (age 21-37 years, weight 45-67 kg, height 158-179 cm).(More)
The pharmacokinetics of metronidazole was studied in 20 paediatric patients aged 6 weeks and 4 to 14 years, who had trichomonal vaginitis or an anaerobic bacterial infection. The dosage of metronidazole was about 10 or 20 mg/kg b.i.d. orally. The serum concentrations found in children and the corresponding calculated kinetic parameters were similar to those(More)