Gerd Dannhardt

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Drugs used to treat various disorders target GABA A receptors. To develop alpha subunit selective compounds, we synthesized 5-(4-piperidyl)-3-isoxazolol (4-PIOL) derivatives. The 3-isoxazolol moiety was substituted by 1,3,5-oxadiazol-2-one, 1,3,5-oxadiazol-2-thione, and substituted 1,2,4-triazol-3-ol heterocycles with modifications to the basic piperidine(More)
Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) cover a broad spectrum of pathological conditions ranging from seizures following congenital or acquired brain disorders to behavioural and psychiatric disorders and recently neuropathic pain. The need for novel antiepileptics raises from the expanding field of indications as well as from the fact, that special seizure types are(More)
For decades neuroreceptor research has focused on the development of NMDA glycine-site antagonists, after Johnson and Ascher found out in 1987 about the co-agonistic character of this achiral amino acid at the NMDA receptor. Contrary to the inhibitory glycine receptor (glycine(A)) the glycine binding site on the NMDA receptor (glycine(B)) is(More)
L-glutamate is the most important fast excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. Glutamate receptors are classified into two main categories: ionotropic and metabotropic. The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, which is associated with an ion channel, seems to play an important role in glutamate excitotoxicity, a process thought(More)
A novel series of C-3 substituted 4,6-dichloroindole-2-carboxylic acids was synthesized to investigate the influence of different hydrogen-bond donor and acceptor groups at this specific position on the affinity to the glycine site of the NMDA receptor. These novel 3-indolylmethyl derivatives with ring-open (amines, sulfonamides, amides, ureas) and cyclic(More)
The synthetic procedures to obtain indole derivatives with different acidic functions at position 2 of the indole are reported. The synthesised and tested derivatives comprise 5-tetrazolyl, 1,3,4-oxadiazol-5-yl-2-one, and indole-2-carboxylic acid amides with 5-aminotetrazole, methanesulphonamide and trifluoromethanesulphonamide moieties. The binding(More)
A series of potent 4-substituted tetrahydroquinolines has been synthesized and biologically tested in order to refine the eastern region of the pharmacophore model for glycine site NMDA antagonists concerning the assessment of lipophilicity, flexibility, and hydrogen bonding. Displacement studies on rat cortical membranes using [3H]-5,7-dichlorokynurenic(More)
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