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Prostaglandins are formed from arachidonic acid by the action of cyclooxygenase and subsequent downstream synthetases. Two closely related forms of the cyclooxygenase have been identified which are now known as COX-1 and COX-2. Both isoenzymes transform arachidonic acid to prostaglandins, but differ in their distribution and their physiological roles.(More)
Vanillin, a food flavoring agent, has been shown to suppress cancer cell migration and metastasis in a mouse model, but its mechanism of action is unknown. In this report, we have examined the antimetastatic potential of vanillin and its structurally related compounds, vanillic acid, vanillyl alcohol, and apocynin on hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced(More)
A novel class of nonantioxidant dual inhibitors of both CO and 5-LO is described. The balance between the activity against CO and 5-LO can be shifted by modifying the substitution pattern of the phenyl moiety at the 6-position of the pyrrolizine ring. Structure-activity relationships are discussed. Compound 3e with a 4-Cl substituent (IC50 = 0.21 microM(More)
2,2-Dimethyl-6-(4-chlorophenyl)-7-phenyl, 2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolizine-5-yl)-acetic acid (ML 3000) is a dual inhibitor of the enzymes cyclo-oxygenase and 5-lipoxygenase in bovine and human thrombocytes and granulocytes. In animal experiments the compound has antiphlogistic, analgesic, antipyretic, antiasthmatic and antiaggregative activity at a dosage that(More)
Tumor growth and metastasis are highly associated with the overexpression of protein kinases (PKs) regulating cell growth, apoptosis resistance, and prolonged cell survival. This study describes novel azaindolyl-maleimides with significant inhibition of PKs, such as VEGFR, FLT-3, and GSK-3β which are related to carcinogenesis. Furthermore, these compounds(More)
Drugs used to treat various disorders target GABA A receptors. To develop alpha subunit selective compounds, we synthesized 5-(4-piperidyl)-3-isoxazolol (4-PIOL) derivatives. The 3-isoxazolol moiety was substituted by 1,3,5-oxadiazol-2-one, 1,3,5-oxadiazol-2-thione, and substituted 1,2,4-triazol-3-ol heterocycles with modifications to the basic piperidine(More)
The discovery of the two isoenzymes COX-1 and COX-2 and the knowledge of their function, localisation and regulation has initiated the development of COX-2 selective inhibitors (coxibs). Inducible COX-2 at the peripheral site of inflammation has been detected in the early 1990s, the involvement of recently detected spinal COX-2 has led to new insights into(More)
Inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase has been determined by monitoring the formation of leukotriene B4 and 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid in bovine polymorphonuclear leucocytes. For evaluating the inhibition of cyclo-oxygenase two different test systems are presented: the first uses 12-hydroxyheptadecatrienoic acid produced by bovine platelets as an indicator of(More)
3-Indolyl and 3-azaindolyl-4-aryl maleimide derivatives, called moguntinones (MOG), have been selected for their ability to inhibit protein kinases associated with angiogenesis and induce apoptosis. Here, we characterize their mode of action and their potential clinical value in human colorectal cancer in vitro and in vivo. MOG-19 and MOG-13 were(More)
Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) cover a broad spectrum of pathological conditions ranging from seizures following congenital or acquired brain disorders to behavioural and psychiatric disorders and recently neuropathic pain. The need for novel antiepileptics raises from the expanding field of indications as well as from the fact, that special seizure types are(More)