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Mast cells (MCs) are considered major players in IgE-mediated allergic responses, but have also recently been recognized as active participants in innate as well as specific immune responses. Recent work provided evidence that MCs are able to activate B and T lymphocytes through the release of vesicles called exosomes. Here we demonstrate that exosomes,(More)
One unexpected feature of the human genome is the high structural variability across individuals. Frequently, large regions of the genome show structural polymorphisms and many vary in their abundance. However, accurate methods for the characterization and typing of such copy number variations (CNV) are needed. The defensin cluster at the human region(More)
Immobilized metal ions were used for the affinity extraction of proteins in aqueous two-phase systems composed of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and dextran or PEG and salt. Soluble chelating polymers were prepared by covalent attachment of metal-chelating groups to PEG. The effect on the partitioning of proteins of such chelating PEG derivatives coordinated(More)
We compared, using a combination of different immunological methods and by competitive PCR, the expression of the alpha2-macroglobulin receptor/low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (alpha2-M-R/LRP) in human keratinocytes and fibroblasts. This receptor has previously been found in skin only in dermal cells associated with fibroblasts and(More)
BACKGROUND Glyoxalases (Glo1 and Glo2) are involved in the glycolytic pathway by detoxifying the reactive methylglyoxal (MGO) into D-lactate in a two-step reaction using glutathione (GSH) as cofactor. Inhibitors of glyoxalases are considered as anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic agents. The recent finding that various polyphenols modulate Glo1 activity(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) plays a role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD). It is involved in the receptor-mediated cellular clearance of the amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) and in the perivascular drainage of the extracellular fluid. Microvascular changes are also associated with AD and have been discussed as a possible reason for altered perivascular(More)
Overproduction of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 messenger RNA is of fundamental importance in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. In vitro studies have recently shown that the serine protease trypsin diminishes the enhanced TGF-beta 1-expression induced by advanced glycation end products. Moreover, proteolytic enzymes may accelerate the(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2-M) are believed to be involved in the development of germ cells. IGF-I is mainly controlled by concentrations of human growth hormone (HGH), influences cell proliferation and differentiation and its action is mediated by insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBP), placental(More)
Peptides derived from proteolytic degradation of the amyloid precursor protein, e.g., amyloid beta (A beta), are considered to be central to the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Soluble A beta is present in measurable concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid and blood. There are indications that soluble A beta present in circulation can cross the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Glutathione S-transferase omega-1 is a multifunctional enzyme. The Asp/Asp genotype of the Ala140Asp polymorphism of the GSTO1 gene has been alleged to increase the risk of vascular dementia. The objective of this study is to address the question of whether common vessel disorders known to cause vascular dementia are modified in their(More)