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The generator-produced positron-emitting (68)Ga (T(1/2) = 68 min) is of potential interest for clinical PET. (68)Ga as a metallic cation is suitable for complexation reactions with chelators, naked or conjugated, with peptides or other macromolecules. Large (68)Ga generator eluate volumes, metal traces from the generator column material, or reaction(More)
The aim was to study the influence of temperature on the transport of the hepatobiliary contrast agent Gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA). Rat livers were isolated and perfused with Gd-BOPTA at 12, 25, 30, 36 and 38 degrees C. After the perfusion period, biopsies were collected and the MR signal intensity was measured. Uptake and biliary excretion were(More)
Carrier-free 87Y is produced by cyclotron irradiation of Rb. It decays with a half-life of 80.3 h, transforming via 87mSr to stable 87Sr with the emission of gamma lines of 0.48 and 0.39 MeV. Experience in 6 patients shows good scan quality and correspondence between 99mTc-DPD and 87Y images useful in 90Y-citrate therapy for bone metastases. 87Y offers new(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Antiprotons travel through tissue in a manner similar to that for protons until they reach the end of their range where they annihilate and deposit additional energy. This makes them potentially interesting for radiotherapy. The aim of this study was to conduct the first ever measurements of the biological effectiveness of(More)
The use of (68)Ga-labeled peptides in diagnosis, dosimetry, therapy planning and follow-up of response to chemo- and radiotherapy requires accurate quantification of tracer binding characteristics in vivo, which may be influenced by the specific radioactivity (SRA) of the tracer. Systematic study of the complexation reaction of(More)
{ In this, the second part of the paper we analyze a multilevel coded modulation system using PSK signaling and transmitting over the AWGN channel. We reduce the analysis of the overall system to the analysis of each decoding level, considering them as a set of related channels. The concept of a \genie aided communication system" is introduced to simplify(More)
{ An asymptotical analysis and comparison of two coded modulation systems using phase shift keying (PSK) signaling with the transmission taking place over the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel is provided. In the rst part of the paper, bounds for the decoding error probability of conventional coded modulation are derived. Both block and trellis(More)