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PURPOSE To evaluate the Vienna Rectoscopy Score (VRS) as a feasible and effective tool for detecting and classifying pathologic changes in the rectal mucosa after radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer, and, also, to correlate its findings with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC)/Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG)(More)
BACKGROUND Pituitary tumors are relatively uncommon, comprising 10-12% of all intracranial tumors. The treatment consisting of surgery, radiotherapy and drug therapy or a combination of these modalities is aimed at the control of tumor cell proliferation and--in endocrine active tumors--the reduction of hormone secretion. However, the slow proliferation(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy of simultaneous postoperative temozolomide radiochemotherapy in glioblastoma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS From February 2002 to July 2004, n = 65 patients from 11 German centers with macroscopic complete tumor resection were randomized to receive either postoperative radiotherapy alone (RT, n = 35) or postoperative(More)
PURPOSE To assess the accuracy of field alignment in patients undergoing three-dimensional (3D) conformal radiotherapy of brain tumors, and to evaluate the impact on the definition of planning target volume and control procedures. METHODS AND MATERIALS Geometric accuracy was analyzed in 20 patients undergoing fractionated stereotactic conformal(More)
PURPOSE Evaluation of late side effects and biochemical control (bNED) 5 years after three-dimensional radiotherapy with moderate, risk-adapted dose escalation. PATIENTS AND METHODS From 03/1999 to 07/2002, 486 patients have been registered in the prospective Austrian-German multicenter phase II trial (AUGE). 399 (82%) localized prostate cancer patients(More)
PURPOSE A multicenter prospective trial was conducted (Maligue Keimzelltümoren [MAKEI] 83/86/89) to assess outcome in intracranial germinoma after treatment with radiotherapy alone at reduced doses. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 1983 and 1993, 60 patients with histologically (n = 58) or cytologically (n = 2) confirmed germinoma were enrolled onto the(More)
An integrated system for fractionated, stereotactically guided conformation radiotherapy has been developed. The system components are a stereotactic fixation system that can be used each treatment day, a localization, and positioning unit that can be used during x-ray computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, and(More)
BACKGROUND Current approaches for the improvement of bNED for prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy mainly focus on dose escalation. However molecularly targeted approaches may also turn out to be of value. In this regard cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors have been shown to exert some anti-tumour activities in human prostate cancer in vivo and(More)
Splenic irradiation (SI) was the first efficient treatment for chronic leukaemia, but with the emergence of effective drugs its use has been more and more restricted to advanced cases presenting with splenomegaly. But in selected patients who are not responsive or not suitable to drug treatment, SI may offer still an effective, low toxic and cost-effective(More)
BACKGROUND Primary optic nerve sheath meningioma (ONSM) is a rare but almost invariably blinding tumour when its natural history is observed in a "wait and see" strategy. Surgery has hitherto only been advocated in case of progressive disease involving intracranial structures, as it leads to iatrogenic blindness in the overwhelming majority of cases.(More)