Gerburg Keilhoff

Learn More
S100B is considered an astrocytic in-situ marker and protein levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or serum are often used as biomarker for astrocytic damage or dysfunction. However, studies on S100B in the human brain are rare. Thus, the distribution of S100B was studied by immunohistochemistry in adult human brains to evaluate its cell-type specificity.(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated as an important causative factor in cell damage, including apoptosis and necrosis. Their proposed actions comprise lipid peroxidation, DNA damage, destruction of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and protein modifications. Recent experiments underline the importance of peroxynitrite, the reaction product(More)
Cardiac arrest, and the associated arrest of blood circulation, immediately leads to permanent brain damage because of the exhaustion of oxygen, glucose and energy resources in the brain. Most hippocampal CA1 neurons die during the first week post the insult. Molecular data concerning the recovery after resuscitation are sparse and limited to the early time(More)
Elevated blood levels of S100B in neuropsychiatric disorders have so far been mainly attributed to glial pathologies. However, increases or dysfunction of adipose tissue may be alternatively responsible. Our study assessed S100B serum levels in 60 adult subjects without a prior history of neuropsychiatric disorders. S100B concentrations were closely(More)
Treatment with the phencyclidine derivative ketamine, a non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist and a well known anesthetic, has recently been introduced to mimic schizophrenia in animals. Using rats repeatedly treated with sub-anesthetic doses we demonstrate in the hippocampal formation the cellular distribution patterns of proteins being(More)
Bone marrow stromal cells (MSC) are multipotent stem cells that differentiate into cells of the mesodermal lineage. Although adult, their differentiation potential is remarkable, and they are able to transdifferentiate. Transdifferentiated cultivated rat MSC (tMSC) changed morphologically into cells resembling typical spindle-shaped Schwann cells (SC) with(More)
1. Aims: Demyelination plays a crucial role in neurodegenerative processes and traumatic disorders. One possibility to achieve remyelination and subsequent restoration of neuronal function is to provide an exogenous source of myelinating cells via transplantation. In this context, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have attracted interest. They are multipotent(More)
Growing evidence indicates that alterations of neuroplasticity may contribute to the pathophysiology of depression. In contrast, various antidepressants increase adult hippocampal neurogenesis and block the effects of stress. These findings result in the 'neurogenesis hypothesis of depression'. The present study seeks to determine out whether cell(More)
Recent meta-analyses showed consistently elevated levels of S100B in serum and cerebrospinal fluid of schizophrenic patients. This finding has been attributed to glial pathology because S100B is produced by astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. However, S100B may be likewise associated with schizophrenia-related disturbances in glial cell as well as adipocyte(More)
In the central nervous system (CNS), neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) proteins function in neuronal migration, differentiation, and survival of oligodendrocytes. The NRG-1 gene codes for at least 15 different isoforms, which may be classified on the basis of their molecular structure. At least two different haplotypes of the NRG-1 gene may be associated with(More)