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BACKGROUND Human polymerized hemoglobin (PolyHeme, Northfield Laboratories) is a universally compatible oxygen carrier developed to treat life-threatening anemia. This multicenter phase III trial was the first US study to assess survival of patients resuscitated with a hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier starting at the scene of injury. STUDY DESIGN Injured(More)
We reviewed 1,201 trauma deaths that occurred in Dade County, Florida, in 1982 in order to evaluate the need for an organized trauma network. There were 715 deaths (59.5%) at the scene. Of the remaining 486 patients who were transported to hospitals for treatment there were 240 central nervous system (CNS) deaths and 246 non-CNS deaths. Fifty-two (21.1%)(More)
Purpose. This study aims to assess the pH changes induced by salt precipitation during far-from-equilibrium freezing of sodium phosphate buffers as a function of buffer composition, under experimental conditions relevant to pharmaceutical applications—sample volumes larger than a few microliters, experiencing large degrees of undercooling and(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize fatal blunt aortic injury (BAI). METHODS A retrospective chart review of 242 cases of fatal BAI in patients who underwent an autopsy at our institution between 1984 and 1997 was performed. Comparisons were made for statistical differences using the z-test. RESULTS Two hundred forty-two cases of fatal BAI were reviewed, making(More)
Twelve patients underwent appendectomy during pregnancy or in the puerperium. The clinical presentation of acute appendicitis is altered during gestation, and diagnosis becomes increasingly difficult when close to term. Abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting are important symptoms. Peritoneal signs occur in the right lower quadrant early in pregnancy, but the(More)
The policy of routine angiography (ANG) for all penetrating neck wounds results in a high rate of negative studies. The medical records of all patients who presented to Wishard Memorial Hospital and Methodist Hospital of Indiana with penetrating injuries to the neck from January 1992 to April 2001 were reviewed. All patients who were hemodynamically stable(More)
Transvenous interruption of the inferior vena cava was successful in 45 of 47 consecutive patients treated during a 41/2-year period. Greenfield filters were used in 40, and Mobin-Uddin umbrellas in 5 others. Technical details of the insertion procedure are of particular importance for successful implantation of the Greenfield device. Follow-up data were(More)
A total of 160 patients underwent emergency room thoracotomy (ERT) from January 1988 to June 1995. There were 142 male and 18 female patients with ages ranging from 15 months to 72 years old with a mean age of 31 years. Blunt trauma was the mechanism of injury in 11 patients; none of them survived, and they were excluded from further analysis. A total of(More)
The ability to preserve the fragile ultrastructural organization of bacterial biofilms using cryo-preparation methods for electron microscopy has enabled us to probe sections through non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) biofilms and determine the localization of NTHi-specific lipooligosaccharide (LOS) and proteins within these structures. Some of the(More)