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BACKGROUND To date, research examining the relationship between serotonergic genes and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has yielded conflicting results. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between four serotonergic polymorphisms (STin2 VNTR and 5-HTTLPR of the SLC6A4 gene, and A-1438G (rs6311) and T102C (rs6313) of the HTR2A gene)(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to investigate the potential association between functional polymorphisms of dopaminergic [dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2), dopamine receptor D3 (DRD3) and dopamine transporter (SLC6A3)] and serotonergic [serotonin 2A receptor (HTR2A) and serotonin transporter (SLC6A4)] genes and treatment outcome in alcohol-dependent patients. (More)
BACKGROUND To compare topiramate versus naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence. METHODS A 6-month naturalistic, randomized and open-label, trial of topiramate versus naltrexone, with assessments at enrollment and after 3 and 6 months of treatment. The setting was an outpatient alcohol clinic. One hundred and two alcohol-dependent patients who(More)
We studied simultaneously in serum (S) and CSF (L) the enzyme activities of GOT, GPT, LDH, ICDH, MDH, ALD, and CPK in 28 patients with head injuries divided into three groups according to the severity of the trauma. We found a correlation between severity of brain lesion and enzyme activity. The best correlation was found for SGOT, SCPK, LGOT, LLDH, LMDH(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the impact of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis on metabolic profile and cardiovascular risk in bipolar patients. METHOD Naturalistic, cross-sectional, multicenter Spanish study. Current use of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis was determined based on patient self-reports. Metabolic syndrome was defined using the National Health and(More)
BACKGROUND Twin studies suggest that genetic factors account for 40-60% of the variance in alcohol dependence. It has been stated that different drug dependencies may have unique genetic influences. Alterations in serotonin availability and function can affect drinking behaviour. This study aimed to investigate whether three serotonergic polymorphisms(More)
BACKGROUND There is growing evidence for involvement of pro-inflammatory cytokines in alcohol dependence. The aim of this study was to investigate whether 4 functionally relevant polymorphisms of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha genes were associated with alcohol dependence and with measures of clinical severity and treatment(More)
BACKGROUND A 6-month naturalistic, randomized and open-label, trial of topiramate versus naltrexone was conducted, with assessments at enrollment and after 3 and 6 months of treatment. 182 alcohol-dependent patients who had been drinking heavily during the past month were included. METHODS Outcome was measured using tools that assessed alcohol intake,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether functional polymorphisms directly (HTR2A and SLC6A4 genes) or indirectly (IL-1 gene complex, APOE and ACE genes) related with serotonergic neurotransmission were associated with suicidal behavior. SUBJECTS AND METHODS 227 suicide attempters, 686 non-suicidal psychiatric patients, and 420 healthy controls from a homogeneous(More)
This work analysed the psychometric properties of the 6th version of the Addiction Severity Index (ASI-6) translated and adapted to the Spanish language. A multicentre, observational and prospective design was used. A total of 258 participants were included, 217 were patients (35 stable patients and 182 unstable patients), and 41 were controls. The results(More)