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Morphology and function of the hyoid apparatus of fossil xenarthrans (mammalia)
The analysis of the hyoid apparatus of fossil xenarthrans provides insight on the form of the tongue and its function in food intake and intraoral processing. The hyoid apparatus of xenarthrans isExpand
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Systematic Revision of Tropical Brazilian Scelidotheriine Sloths (Xenarthra, Mylodontoidea)
ABSTRACT The analysis of recently recovered ground sloth remains from Minas Gerais, Bahia, and Piauí (Brazil) results in a major reinterpretation of the Scelidotheriinae and Megalonychidae ofExpand
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THE TORO NEGRO MEGATHERIINE (MAMMALIA, XENARTHRA): A NEW SPECIES OF PYRAMIODONTHERIUM AND A REVIEW OF PLESIOMEGATHERIUM
Abstract The fossil record of megatheriine ground sloths extends back to the middle Miocene, but only Pleistocene megatheriines are reasonably well understood. The taxonomy of pre-Pleistocene generaExpand
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New Remains of Megathericulus patagonicus Ameghino, 1904 (Xenarthra, Megatheriidae): Information on Primitive Features of Megatheriines
Abstract New remains of Megathericulus patagonicus Ameghino, 1904, the first additional material of this species found since erection of the species, are described. Two individuals from separateExpand
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Nouveaux paresseux terrestres (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Mylodontidae) du Néogène de l'Altiplano bolivien
ABSTRACT New ground sloths (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Mylodontidae) from the Neogene of the Bolivian Altiplano. Two new Mylodontinae (Xenarthra, Tardigrada, Mylodontoidea) from the Bolivian Altiplano areExpand
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Evidence for advanced carnivory in fossil armadillos (Mammalia: Xenarthra: Dasypodidae)
Abstract The euphractine Macroeuphractus outesi, from the late Pliocene Chapadmalalan SALMA of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, is one of the largest dasypodids known. Its skull preserves featuresExpand
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The Concept of a Pedolateral Pes Revisited: The Giant Sloths Megatherium and Eremotherium (Xenarthra, Folivora, Megatheriinae) as a Case Study
The concept of a pedolateral pes in many extinct sloths began effectively with Owen’s mid-nineteenth century descriptions of Glossotherium and Megatherium. Pedolaterality denotes a pes that isExpand
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Recent Progress and Future Prospects in Fossil Xenarthran Studies, with Emphasis on Current Methodology in Sloth Taxonomy
Among the several positive developments in xenarthran studies over the past 20 years have been the training of and active participation by many new researchers, prospecting of previously unexploredExpand
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Eremotherium Laurillardi (Lund) (Xenarthra, Megatheriidae), the Panamerican giant ground sloth: Taxonomic aspects of the ontogeny of skull and dentition
Synopsis For most of the past 150 years the presence of only giant megatheriine ground sloths in the Pleistocene of Brazil has been recognised. However, it has recently been claimed that a dwarfExpand
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LATE OLIGOCENE MEGATHERIOIDEA FAUNA (MAMMALIA: XENARTHRA) FROM SALLA-LURIBAY (BOLIVIA): NEW DATA ON BASAL SLOTH RADIATION AND CINGULATA-TARDIGRADA SPLIT
Abstract The origins of the distinct sloth lineages are not well documented. The Deseadan SALMA site of Salla-Luribay presents four Tardigrada and constitutes one of the two oldest sloth assemblages.Expand
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