Gerardo Aquino

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Nonergodic renewal processes have recently been shown by several authors to be insensitive to periodic perturbations, thereby apparently sanctioning the death of linear response, a building block of nonequilibrium statistical physics. We show that it is possible to go beyond the "death of linear response" and establish a permanent correlation between an(More)
Biological cells sense external chemical stimuli in their environment using cell-surface receptors. To increase the sensitivity of sensing, receptors often cluster. This process occurs most noticeably in bacterial chemotaxis, a paradigm for sensing and signaling in general. While amplification of weak stimuli is useful in the absence of noise, its(More)
It is shown that the full unknown state of a spin-1 2 system, S, which, within Born's statistical interpretation, is meant as the state of an ensemble of identically prepared systems and is described by its density matrix, can be determined with a simultaneous measurement with the help of an " assistant " system A whose initial state is known. The idea is(More)
PACS 05.20.-y – First pacs description PACS 05.40.-a – Second pacs description PACS 05.60.-k – Third pacs description Abstract.-The Continuous Time Random Walk (CTRW) formalism is used to model the non-Poisson relaxation of a system response to perturbation. Two mechanisms to perturb the system are analyzed: a first in which the perturbation, seen as a(More)
Many types of cells can sense external ligand concentrations with cell-surface receptors at extremely high accuracy. Interestingly, ligand-bound receptors are often internalized, a process also known as receptor-mediated endocytosis. While internalization is involved in a vast number of important functions for the life of a cell, it was recently also(More)
We discuss the problem of the equivalence between continuous-time random walk (CTRW) and generalized master equation (GME). The walker, making instantaneous jumps from one site of the lattice to another, resides in each site for extended times. The sojourn times have a distribution density psi(t) that is assumed to be an inverse power law with the power(More)
Cells sense external concentrations and, via biochemical signaling, respond by regulating the expression of target proteins. Both in signaling networks and gene regulation there are two main mechanisms by which the concentration can be encoded internally: amplitude modulation (AM), where the absolute concentration of an internal signaling molecule encodes(More)
The physical limit with which a cell senses external ligand concentration corresponds to the perfect absorber, where all ligand particles are absorbed and overcounting of same ligand particles does not occur. Here, we analyze how the lateral diffusion of receptors on the cell membrane affects the accuracy of sensing ligand concentration. Specifically, we(More)
Biological cells are often found to sense their chemical environment near the single-molecule detection limit. Surprisingly, this precision is higher than simple estimates of the fundamental physical limit, hinting towards active sensing strategies. In this work, we analyse the effect of cell memory, e.g. from slow biochemical processes, on the precision of(More)
Natural Killer (NK) cell activation is dynamically regulated by numerous activating and inhibitory surface receptors that accumulate at the immune synapse. Quantitative analysis of receptor dynamics has been limited by methodologies that rely on indirect measurements such as fluorescence recovery after photobleaching. Here, we report an apparently novel(More)