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Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBPs) have important regulatory functions in ovarian follicular development. Although most studies have investigated the IGF system in ovarian cells in vitro, investigation of the IGF system in the peripheral circulation and in follicles of varying sizes throughout the menstrual cycle in large(More)
Molecular mechanisms underlying fetal growth restriction due to placental insufficiency and in utero hypoxia are not well understood. In the current study, time-dependent (3 h-11 days) changes in fetal tissue gene expression in a rat model of in utero hypoxia compared with normoxic controls were investigated as an initial approach to understand molecular(More)
In cord blood and late gestation maternal serum, IGF-I is positively correlated with birth weight, whereas IGF-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) is inversely correlated with birth weight. Our goal was to determine whether maternal serum or amniotic fluid concentrations of IGF-I, IGFBP-1, or nonphosphorylated IGFBP-1 (npIGFBP-1) in early gestation predict later(More)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of anovulation in women. Previous studies suggest that the pathogenesis of PCOS may involve interrelated abnormalities of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) and ovarian steroidogenesis systems. We investigated this hypothesis in fasting serum samples from 140 women with PCOS (age, 27.4 +/- 0.4 yr;(More)
IGFBP-1 is elevated in fetuses with long-term, chronic hypoxia and intrauterine growth restriction. We investigated the hypothesis that hypoxia regulates IGFBP-1 in the human fetus in vivo and IGFBP-1 gene expression and protein in vitro. Umbilical artery IGFBP-1 levels (mean +/- SEM) from term babies with respiratory acidosis (acute hypoxia), normal(More)
In human pregnancy, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II messenger RNA (mRNA) is expressed at the maternal-fetal interface exclusively by the placental trophoblast. Highest levels are expressed by the invading extravillous trophoblasts, which also secrete matrix metalloproteinases as they degrade the decidual extracellular matrix. In contrast, the maternal(More)
The IGF family plays an important role in implantation and placental physiology. IGF-II is abundantly expressed by placental trophoblasts, and IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-4, a potent inhibitor of IGF actions, is the second most abundant IGFBP in the placental bed, expressed exclusively by the maternal decidua. Proteolysis of IGFBP-4 results in decreased(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) can be a consequence of decreased uterine blood flow (uteroplacental insufficiency) and maternal and fetal hypoxia. Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBPs) are key elements in fetal growth. IGF-I is a major growth promoter in utero. IGFBP-1 is primarily made in the liver, and it mostly(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is believed to play an important, but as yet undefined, role in regulating hypoxia inducible gene expression. Recently, we have reported evidence suggesting that the human insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) gene is directly regulated by hypoxia through the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 pathway. The goal of the current(More)
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