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Biomass waste, including municipal solid waste (MSW), contains lignocellulosic-containing fiber components that are not readily available as substrates for anaerobic digestion due to the physical shielding of cellulose imparted by the nondigestible lignin. Consequently, a substantial portion of the potentially available carbon is not converted to methane(More)
The super blue box recycling (SUBBOR) process is an enhanced, multi-stage anaerobic digestion process for mixed municipal solid waste (MSW) and other biomass feedstock materials. The technology centers on enhanced high solids, thermophilic digestion after steam-pressure disruption of the ligno-cellulosic fiber components that are recalcitrant to(More)
BACKGROUND Cell permeabilization for the detection of intracellular molecules by flow cytometry is usually incompatible with whole blood. This article describes a new technique for the simultaneous detection of surface antigens and DNA content in rat whole blood. METHODS In 20 microl of rat whole blood, DNA staining is obtained by permeabilization of(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a new quantitative method for measuring in vitro the effects of T-cell immunosuppressive drugs by flow cytometry. Rat whole blood samples were stimulated with the T-cell mitogen succinylated concanavalin A in the presence or absence of different drugs. After 3 days, the expression of CD25 and CD8alpha in(More)
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