Gerard T. Barkema

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DNA microarrays are devices that are able, in principle, to detect and quantify the presence of specific nucleic acid sequences in complex biological mixtures. The measurement consists in detecting fluorescence signals from several spots on the microarray surface onto which different probe sequences are grafted. One of the problems of the data analysis is(More)
The pair contact process with diffusion is studied by means of multispin Monte Carlo simulations and density matrix renormalization group calculations. Effective critical exponents are found to behave nonmonotonically as functions of time or of system length and extrapolate asymptotically towards values consistent with the directed percolation universality(More)
An algorithm for the analysis of Affymetrix Genechips is presented. This algorithm, referred to as the Inverse Langmuir Method (ILM), estimates the binding of transcripts to complementary probes using DNA/RNA hybridization free energies, and the hybridization between partially complementary transcripts in solution using RNA/RNA free energies. The balance(More)
We analyze publicly available data on Affymetrix microarray spike-in experiments on the human HGU133 chipset in which sequences are added in solution at known concentrations. The spike-in set contains sequences of bacterial, human, and artificial origin. Our analysis is based on a recently introduced molecular-based model (Carlon, E.; Heim, T. Physica A(More)
In the past couple of years several studies have shown that hybridization in Affymetrix DNA microarrays can be rather well understood on the basis of simple models of physical chemistry. In the majority of the cases a Langmuir isotherm was used to fit experimental data. Although there is a general consensus about this approach, some discrepancies between(More)
In recent years polymer translocation, i.e., transport of polymeric molecules through nanometer-sized pores and channels embedded in membranes, has witnessed strong advances. It is now possible to observe single-molecule polymer dynamics during the motion through channels with unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution. These striking experimental(More)
We study pore blockade times for a translocating polymer of length N , driven by a field E across the pore in three dimensions. The polymer performs Rouse dynamics, i.e., we consider polymer dynamics in the absence of hydrodynamical interactions. We find that the typical time the pore remains blocked during a translocation event scales as∼ N /E, where ν ≃(More)
We consider a polymer of length N translocating through a narrow pore in the absence of external fields. The characterization of its purportedly anomalous dynamics has so far remained incomplete. We show that the polymer dynamics is anomalous up to the Rouse time τR ∼ N1+2ν , with a mean square displacement through the pore consistent with t (1+ν)/(1+2ν),(More)