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A 41-year-old gentleman underwent surgical repair of the fractured right parasymphisis and left condyle of his mandible. Post-operatively he developed hoarseness of voice and dyspnoea during speech, with deviation of the tongue on protrusion. After excluding intracranial and surgical causes, a clinical diagnosis of Tapia's syndrome was made.
OBJECTIVES To compare the outcomes of three surgical techniques used in the rehabilitation of the paralyzed face. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING University-based tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Between 1976 and 2000, rehabilitative facial nerve surgery was performed on 70 adult patients with varying underlying diseases. INTERVENTION… (More)
The objective of the study was to assess what differences exist between individuals who are dependent on opiates and benzodiazepines and compare to those who are dependent on opiates. A questionnaire was compiled and administered to patients who had been consecutively admitted to an inpatient drug treatment unit. The prevalence of benzodiazepine dependency… (More)
Isolated unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy after fracture of the occipital condyle is rare. It usually occurs after major trauma, such as high-speed deceleration injuries following road traffic accidents. We describe a case that resulted from minor trauma. An underlying skull base malformation may have been a predisposing factor.
In this paper we extend dynamic controllability of temporally-flexible plans to temporally-flexible reactive programs. We consider three reactive programming language constructs whose behavior depends on runtime observations; conditional execution, iteration, and exception handling. Temporally-flexible reactive programs are distinguished from… (More)
1. Introduction In the wake of the global financial crisis, member jurisdictions of the G20 have embarked upon an ambitious program of reforms to the structure and operation of financial markets. One key element of the reform program is to improve the management of counterparty risk and reduce interconnectedness in over-the-counter (OTC) derivative markets… (More)
INTRODUCTION In April 2011 the NI public health agency estimated that alcohol misuse generates overall annual healthcare costs of £122.2m. There is currently a paucity of data regarding the burden of alcohol-related fractures on the provinces Trauma and Orthopaedic service. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective review of 104 patients over a 12 month period… (More)
The attitudes of a final year of medical students in University College Dublin and their level of satisfaction to their medical training was assessed. Medical students were significantly more dissatisfied with their pre-clinical teaching than clinical teaching and training. The majority of students felt inadequately trained in dealing with specific issues… (More)