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OBJECTIVE To determine the diagnostic value of CSF amyloid beta(1-42) (Abeta42), CSF total tau, and CSF tau phosphorylated at threonine-181 (Ptau-181) in early-onset Alzheimer disease (EAD) vs frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). METHODS Levels of Abeta42, total tau, and Ptau-181 in CSF were measured using commercially available ELISA in 47 EAD(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate to what extent subjective memory complaints and APOE-epsilon4 allele carriage predict future cognitive decline in cognitively intact elderly persons, by evaluating both their separate and combined effects. METHODS We selected 1,168 subjects from the population-based Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam who were 62 to 85 years of age(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the association between APOE-epsilon4 and memory decline is modified by baseline cognition and age in a population-based elderly sample. METHODS The study sample consisted of 1,243 subjects, 62 to 85 years old, with a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score between 21 and 30 and known APOE phenotypes. Memory performance(More)
BACKGROUND Decreased amyloid beta (1-42) (Abeta42) and increased (phosphorylated) tau in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are considered to be a reflection of plaques, tangles, and neuronal degeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Atrophy of the medial temporal lobe (MTA) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reflects neuronal loss in this area. OBJECTIVE To(More)
The authors studied the association of an exon 4 (E4*epsilon2/3/4) and three promoter polymorphisms of APOE with disease course and severity stratified by gender in 221 patients with multiple sclerosis from two overlapping population-based prevalence cohorts. Women carriers of the E4*epsilon2 allele took longer to attain an Expanded Disability Status Scale(More)
Various C-terminally truncated amyloid beta peptides (Abeta) are linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of Abeta38, Abeta40, and Abeta42 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 30 patients with AD and 26 control subjects. CSF Abeta42 levels was decreased in patients with AD, whereas CSF(More)
In order to better understand the large variation in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau and amyloid-beta(1-42) (Abeta42) in frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), relations between these biomarkers and clinical parameters, neuroimaging characteristics, and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype were studied in 31 patients with FTLD, including 16 patients with the(More)
The aim of the study was to compare clinical variables between MCI patients at different risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) according to their biomarker profile. Fifty-four percent out of 39 MCI patients had a low Abeta42 and high tau in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (high-risk), 26% either a low CSF Abeta32 or high CSF tau (intermediate-risk) and 20% a normal(More)
Homocysteine accumulation, frequently observed in plasma of AD patients, may be a sign of a reduced activity of the brain methionine-homocysteine transmethylation cycle. S-Adenosylmethionine (SAM) is the main methyl donor in several transmethylation reactions. The demethylated product of SAM, S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH), is hydrolyzed to yield(More)