Gerard J M J van den Aardweg

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PURPOSE Pulsed dose rate (PDR) brachytherapy is a new type of afterloading brachytherapy (BT) in which a continuous low dose rate (LDR) treatment is simulated by a series of "pulses," i.e., fractions of short duration (less than 0.5 h) with intervals between fractions of 1 to a few hours. At the Dr. Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, the term "PDR(More)
Phosphorylation is important for p53 protein stabilization and activation after DNA damage. Serine 389 of p53 is specifically phosphorylated after UV irradiation, whereas gamma radiation activates p53 through a different pathway. To study the in vivo significance of p53 phosphorylation at serine 389, we generated a physiological mouse model in which p53(More)
PURPOSE An investigation of the field size effect for the cervical spinal cord of the pig after single doses of gamma-rays. In this study, clinically relevant volumes of the spinal cord were irradiated. METHODS AND MATERIALS The effects of the local irradiation of different lengths of the spinal cord (2.5 cm, 5.0 cm, and 10.0 cm) have been evaluated in(More)
Low-level light from a multi-wavelength array of light sources has been used to prevent late X-ray-induced dermal necrosis in the pig. Skin fields, measuring 4 x 4 cm on the flank, were irradiated with a single dose of 23.4 Gy of X-rays. This X-ray dose was associated with the development of a 100% incidence of dermal necrosis, 10-16 weeks after(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the possible role of essential fatty acids, specifically gamma-linolenic and eicosapentaenoic acid, in the amelioration of early and late radiation damage to the skin. METHODS AND MATERIALS Skin sites on the flank of 22-25 kg female large white pigs were irradiated with either single or fractionated doses (20 F/28 days) of beta-rays(More)
Mutations in the CSB gene cause Cockayne syndrome (CS), a DNA repair disorder characterized by UV sensitivity and severe physical and neurological impairment. CSB functions in the transcription-coupled repair subpathway of nucleotide excision repair. This function may explain the UV sensitivity but hardly clarifies the other CS symptoms. Many of these,(More)
The drug BW12C, which increases the oxygen affinity of hemoglobin, reduces oxygen availability to tissues. This results in protection against radiation damage to the hemopoietic system and epidermal Langerhans cells in CBA mice. The drug also protects against beta-irradiation damage in pig epidermis. BW12C increases the hypoxic cell fraction in tumors and(More)
Animal tumour experiments have been performed to elucidate the interactions between interstitial hyperthermia (IHT) and interstitial radiotherapy (IRT), and to obtain information about the most effective sequence of these treatment modalities. Experimental tumours, transplanted in the flank of Wag/Rij rats, were treated with IHT for 0.5 h at 44 degrees C,(More)
Mutations in the CSB gene cause Cockayne syndrome (CS), a rare inherited disorder, characterized by UV-sensitivity, severe neurodevelopmental and progeroid symptoms. CSB functions in the transcription-coupled repair (TCR) sub-pathway of nucleotide excision repair (NER), responsible for the removal of UV-induced and other helix-distorting lesions from the(More)