Gerard J Bunick

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The preferential in vitro methylation of histone H3 by coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1) has been proposed as a basis for its ability to enhance gene transcription [Chen, D., et al. (1999) Science 284, 2174-2177]. To further evaluate the significance of H3 methylation, we studied the kinetics and site specificity of its(More)
The 2.5 A X-ray crystal structure of the nucleosome core particle presented here provides significant additions to the understanding of the nucleosome, the fundamental unit of chromatin structure. Extensions are made to the structure of the N-terminal histone tails and details are provided on hydration and ion binding. The structure is composed of twofold(More)
BACKGROUND Fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH) catalyzes the final step of tyrosine and phenylalanine catabolism, the hydrolytic cleavage of a carbon-carbon bond in fumarylacetoacetate, to yield fumarate and acetoacetate. FAH has no known sequence homologs and functions by an unknown mechanism. Carbon-carbon hydrolysis reactions are essential for the human(More)
Two monoclinic crystal forms (P2(1),C2) of chicken erythrocyte nucleosomes have been under study in this laboratory. The x-ray structure of the P2(1) crystal form has been solved to 15 A resolution. The B-DNA superhelix has a relatively uniform curvature, with only several local distortions observed in the superhelix. The individual histone domains have(More)
The extent of conformational change that calcium binding induces in EF-hand proteins is a key biochemical property specifying Ca(2+) sensor versus signal modulator function. To understand how differences in amino acid sequence lead to differences in the response to Ca(2+) binding, comparative analyses of sequence and structures, combined with model(More)
Protein L-isoaspartyl methyltransferase (PIMT) has been implicated in the repair or metabolism of proteins containing atypical L-isoaspartyl peptide bonds. The repair hypothesis is supported by previous studies demonstrating in vitro repair of isoaspartyl peptides via formation of a succinimide intermediate. Utilization of this mechanism in vivo predicts(More)
Although cryogenic data collection has become the method of choice for macromolecular crystallography, the flash-cooling step can dramatically increase the mosaicity of some crystals. Macromolecular crystal annealing significantly reduces the mosaicity of flash-cooled crystals without affecting molecular structure. The process, which cycles a flash-cooled(More)
Several investigators have recognized the importance of non-periodic DNA sequence information in determining the translational position of precisely positioned nucleosomes. The purpose of this study is to determine the extent of such information, in addition to the character of periodic information present. This is accomplished by examining the(More)
The x-ray crystallographic structure of the nucleosome core particle has been determined using 8 A resolution diffraction data. The particle has a mean diameter of 106 A and a maximum thickness of 65 A in the superhelical axis direction. The longest chord through the histone core measures 85 A and is in a non-axial direction. The 1.87 turn superhelix(More)
Small angle neutron scattering has been used to study the dimensions of G-actin and the formation of low molecular weight actin oligomers under conditions where rapid polymerization does not take place. In the presence of 200 microM Ca2+, actin in solution consists of a single component with a radius of gyration (Rg) of 19.9 +/- 0.4 A, consistent with the(More)