Gerard Folch

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Glioma-initiating cells (GICs), also called glioma stem cells, are responsible for tumor initiation, relapse, and therapeutic resistance. Here, we show that TGF-β inhibitors, currently under clinical development, target the GIC compartment in human glioblastoma (GBM) patients. Using patient-derived specimens, we have determined the gene responses to TGF-β(More)
Glioma-initiating cells (GICs) are responsible for the initiation and recurrence of gliomas. Here, we identify a molecular mechanism that regulates the self-renewal capacity of patient-derived GICs. We show that TGF-beta and LIF induce the self-renewal capacity and prevent the differentiation of GICs. TGF-beta induces the self-renewal capacity of GICs, but(More)
The impaired mitochondrial function hypothesis in schizophrenia is based on evidence of altered brain metabolism, morphology, biochemistry and gene expression. Mitochondria have their own genome, which is needed to synthesize some of the subunits of the respiratory chain enzymes. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is maternally inherited and we observed an excess of(More)
Gliomas are the most common primary tumours affecting the adult central nervous system and respond poorly to standard therapy. Myc is causally implicated in most human tumours and the majority of glioblastomas have elevated Myc levels. Using the Myc dominant negative Omomyc, we previously showed that Myc inhibition is a promising strategy for cancer(More)
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