Gerard Fitzgerald

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BACKGROUND Heat-related mortality is a matter of great public health concern, especially in the light of climate change. Although many studies have found associations between high temperatures and mortality, more research is needed to project the future impacts of climate change on heat-related mortality. OBJECTIVES We conducted a systematic review of(More)
Triage is a process that is critical to the effective management of modern emergency departments. Triage systems aim, not only to ensure clinical justice for the patient, but also to provide an effective tool for departmental organisation, monitoring and evaluation. Over the last 20 years, triage systems have been standardised in a number of countries and(More)
INTRODUCTION Floods are the most common hazard to cause disasters and have led to extensive morbidity and mortality throughout the world. The impact of floods on the human community is related directly to the location and topography of the area, as well as human demographics and characteristics of the built environment. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study is(More)
AIM The study aims to provide an overview of the nursing profession in Saudi Arabia, including its history, educational development, workforce and professional practice. BACKGROUND Saudi Arabia is faced with a chronic shortage of Saudi nurses, accompanied by high rates of turnover. Expatriate nurses form a large proportion of the nursing workforce in(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The chances of surviving an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are greatly increased if a bystander provides cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) while awaiting the arrival of the emergency medical services. Over 50% of adult Queenslanders have been trained in CPR at some time in the past, however, little is known about the factors that(More)
OBJECTIVES Heatwaves can have significant health consequences resulting in increased mortality and morbidity. However, their impact on people living in tropical/subtropical regions remains largely unknown. This study assessed the impact of heatwaves on mortality and emergency hospital admissions (EHAs) from non-external causes (NEC) in Brisbane, a(More)
Public health adaptation to climate change is an important issue and inevitably is needed to address the adverse health impacts of climate change over the next few decades. This paper provides an overview of the constraints and barriers to public health adaptation and explores future research directions in this emerging field. An extensive literature review(More)
INTRODUCTION Determining the predictors of demand for emergency prehospital care can assist ambulance services in undertaking policy and planning activities. HYPOTHESIS Demand for prehospital care can be explained by demographic, health status, and economic determinants. METHODS The study used a cross-sectional design to investigate the association of(More)
To review the existing research on the effectiveness of heat warning systems (HWSs) in saving lives and reducing harm. A systematic search of major databases was conducted, using “heat, heatwave, high temperature, hot temperature, OR hot climate” AND “warning system”. Fifteen articles were retrieved. Six studies asserted that fewer people died of excessive(More)
Juvenile three-spined sticklebacks,Gasterosteus aculeatus, were given a series of four ‘choice’ tests to determine whether they avoided schools of conspecifics in which individuals were parasitized with the ectoparasiteArgulus canadensis. Results from these tests indicate that juvenile sticklebacks can avoid schools of parasitized conspecifics. Furthermore,(More)