Gerard Carrier

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The ability of nifedipine to inhibit contractions induced by non-selective and selective alpha adrenoceptor agonists and by KCl depolarization was studied in the rat aorta. The presence of alpha-2 adrenoceptors which mediate vasoconstriction was demonstrated. Furthermore, this response was highly dependent on extracellular calcium. Alpha-1 adrenoceptors(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is one of the most potent vasoconstrictor substances, yet paradoxically, Ang II may dilate certain vascular beds via an undefined mechanism. Ang II-induced vasoconstriction is mediated by the AT(1) receptor, whereas the relative expression and functional importance of the AT(2) receptor in regulating vascular resistance and blood(More)
cAMP-dependent vasodilators are used to treat a variety of cardiovascular disorders; however, the signal transduction pathways and effector mechanisms stimulated by these agents are not fully understood. In the present study we demonstrate that cAMP-stimulating agents enhance the activity of the large-conductance, calcium-activated potassium (BK(Ca))(More)
Inward membrane currents of sympathetic neurons acutely dispersed from coeliac-superior mesenteric ganglia (C-SMG) of adult rats were characterized using the whole-cell variant of the patch-clamp technique. Current-clamp studies indicated that C-SMG neurons retained electrical properties similar to intact ganglia. Voltage-clamp studies designed to isolate(More)
Properties and modulation of outward membrane currents in sympathetic neurons acutely dispersed from coeliac-superior mesenteric ganglia (C-SMG) of adult rats were examined using both the whole-cell variant of the patch-clamp technique and the perforated patch approach. Under voltage-clamp, four distinct outward currents were observed: a transient outward(More)
Multidisciplinary optimisation (MDO) of the outboard engine pylon of a large transonic transport aircraft is reported in this paper. The disciplines involved were structure and aerodynamics, although this paper focuses on the aerodynamic aspect. A two-level strategy was followed to solve this problem: three parameters are identified as playing a coupling(More)
In the present study the isolated phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparation from rabbits pretreated with reserpine was used. Isometric twitch tension response was recorded. Concentration-response curves which demonstrated the neuromuscular blocking activity of d-tubocurarine were constructed. Curarized diaphragms were directly stimulated and(More)