Gerard Burns

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When treating duodenal ulcer by vagotomy surgeons aim at dividing all the vagal secreto-motor fibres to the stomach. In order to assess whether this aim had been achieved, Hollander (1948) developed the insulin test which has proved a valuable clinical method of judging whether the vagi have been divided completely. The criteria by which the acid secretory(More)
While medications can improve patients' health, the process of prescribing them is complex and error prone, and medication errors cause many preventable injuries. Computer provider order entry (CPOE) with clinical decision support (CDS), can improve patient safety and lower medication-related costs. To realize the medication-related benefits of CDS within(More)
The effect of both chronic and acute lithium treatment on hypothalamic opioid peptides was investigated. Acute treatment with lithium was found to stimulate the release of beta-endorphin, dynorphin and Met-enkephalin from perfused rat hypothalamic slices. Application of tetrodotoxin was found to have no effect upon the stimulation indicating it to be(More)
The nutritional support of patients with pancreatic and high gastrointestinal fistulas and severe pancreatitis frequently involves intravenous fat infusion. There are conflicting reports on the effect of intravenous fat on pancreatic exocrine secretion. In 10 dogs with chronic pancreatic fistulas, pancreatic juice was collected during secretin (n = 10) or(More)
The levels of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) and its anabolites in the serum, bile, pancreatic juice, liver, pancreas, and skeletal muscle of dogs were compared after single bolus administration and after continuous infusion. Six dogs had a bolus of 5FU (15 mg/kg) and were studied for 120 min. Five dogs had a continuous infusion of 5FU (30 mg/kg) and were studied for(More)
The 5-fluorouracil content of serum, bile, pancreatic juice, liver, pancreas and muscle was measured by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography using a mobile phase of 5 mM 1-heptanesulfonic acid in 5 mM acetic acid. Free or unmetabolized 5-fluorouracil was extracted from samples with a mixture of light petroleum-n-propanol (40:60). The active(More)
The efficacy of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) chemotherapy depends, in part, upon maintaining adequate intracellular levels of active metabolites. The uptake, distribution and elimination of 5FU and 5FU-anabolites were determined after an intravenous bolus infusion of 5FU, 15 mg kg-1, and the relationship between serum and tissue levels were evaluated. In six dogs(More)
In 45 patients with chronic uraemia the basal acid output was the same as in 22 controls. Maximal acid output in uraemic patients was less than in the controls but not significantly so. In uraemia the maximal acid output was directly related to the duration of uraemia and inversely related to both haemoglobin level and age; it was not related to the height(More)
Fat accumulates in the regenerating liver after partial hepatectomy. The role of intracellular acyltransferases in the synthesis of triglycerides was studied in the liver. Two-thirds hepatectomy was performed in 14 rats. An additional 14 rats had laparotomy only (sham group). Animals were sacrificed at 18 or 24 hr after operation. After 18 hr, microsomal(More)