Gerard A . Kaiser

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Between 1983 and 1992 22 children with urolithiasis were treated at the Department of Paediatric Surgery and Paediatrics of the University Hospital of Berne. There were 8 girls and 14 boys with a mean age of 7.3 years. Metabolic disease was found in 6 children. There were 12 renal stones, 12 ureteral stones, 1 bladder stone and 1 urethral stone.(More)
To test the hypothesis that temporary platelet inhibition during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with surface heparinized systems may result in platelet preservation, nine Yorkshire pigs were placed on CPB for 3 hours. Platelet labeling was done in all pigs with Indium-111 tropolone. CPB was instituted with a roller pump, a hollow fiber membrane oxygenator(More)
Atrial standstill secondary to atrial inexcitability or atrial quiescence was diagnosed in 11 patients and atrial standstill, in which atrial excitability was still present though depressed, was diagnosed in two patients during the immediate period following openheart surgery. Atrial quiescence was successfully treated in six patients and atrial standstill(More)
Cystic or solid lesions of ribs containing giant cells are rarely seen in children. Three cases are presented which are uncommon with regard to the age of the patients (5-14 yr old) as well as the site. These lesions were diagnosed late and exclusively by X-ray. Radiographically it was impossible to distinguish between a giant cell tumor and an aneurysmal(More)
Immobilization causes bone dissolution leading to hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria in children. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy who developed 2 stones in the pelvis off his left healthy kidney after only 8 days of immobilization. He was on bedrest after pyeloplasty done for a ureteropelvic junction obstruction on the right side. Compared to(More)
Various congenital systemic arteriovenous fistulas have been described. An unusual case of congenital systemic arteriovenous fistula arising from the descending aorta and draining separately into the superior vena cava, the azygos vein, and the innominate vein is reported. Clinically, this case simulated a patent ductus arteriosus. To our knowledge, this(More)
OBJECTIVE We present the case histories of three premature infants with congenital posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus. STUDY DESIGN The timing of the lesion was monitored in utero in two of the three cases. Magnetic resonance imaging studies (prenatal in one case, within 24 hours of birth in all three cases) established the duration of the lesions and thereby(More)
Management of 32 consecutive cases of fetal hydrocephalus diagnosed prenatally during a five years period is presented. Thirteen cases (40%) being patients with ventriculomegaly due to isolated brain malformation are the topic of this paper. In this group, management was conservative and consisted of termination of pregnancy by elective cesarean section(More)
Thirty patients, 20 males and 10 females, having a 50% or greater obstruction of the left main coronary artery, were evaluated. Their ages ranged from 40 to 71 years (mean 53.8 years). All patients had angina pectoris, the duration of which varied from 2 months to 20 years (mean 5.4 years). Twenty-four patients (80%) had accelerated angina pectoris; 17(More)