Geraldine Walsh

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PURPOSE The Immediate Preoperative Anastrozole, Tamoxifen, or Combined With Tamoxifen (IMPACT) trial was designed to test the hypothesis that the clinical and/or biologic effects of neoadjuvant tamoxifen compared with anastrozole and with the combination of tamoxifen and anastrozole before surgery in postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor (ER)(More)
Tumor expression of the proliferation antigen Ki67 is widely used to assess the prognosis of cancer patients. A change in the expression of Ki67 after short-term exposure of patients to therapeutic agents is frequently used as a pharmacodynamic marker of efficacy, particularly among breast cancer patients before undergoing surgery. To determine the clinical(More)
Experimental laboratory data suggest that tumour growth is a balance between apoptosis and proliferation and that suppression of drug-induced apoptosis by oncogenes such as bcl-2 may be an important cause of intrinsic chemoresistance. The aims of this study were to assess the in vivo relationship of apoptosis to proliferation and Bcl-2 protein in human(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the relationships between biomarker changes in breast cancer during neoadjuvant (preoperative) endocrine therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS The IMPACT trial compared the preoperative use of tamoxifen with anastrozole alone or in combination in postmenopausal women (n = 330) with primary breast cancer. Biomarkers were measured in tumor(More)
PURPOSE Neoadjuvant (preoperative) therapy for breast cancer may allow for the development of intermediate markers of treatment benefit, thereby circumventing the need for efficacy trials of adjuvant therapy, which require much larger patient numbers and longer follow-up. The aim of this study--as part of the Immediate Preoperative "Arimidex" (anastrozole),(More)
Purpose: Ovarian failure and infertility following adjuvant chemotherapy for early breast cancer are major concerns for some young women. Techniques for oocyte harvesting are associated with delay in starting treatment, potentially undesirable estrogen stimulation and a relatively low success rate. We report an audit of our experience with the luteinising(More)
Percutaneous tracheostomy is increasingly being used for patients needing prolonged ventilatory support. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of widespread application of endoscopic guided percutaneous tracheostomy. Sixty-one consecutive ICU patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation underwent bedside endoscopic guided(More)
We aim to investigate the incidence, patterns and timing of brain metastases in advanced breast cancer patients who have previously received trastuzumab. Eighty-seven patients who had received trastuzumab for advanced breast cancer from November 1999 to September 2003 at the Royal Marsden Hospital were assessed. With a median follow-up period of 11 months(More)
PURPOSE Increased epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression may promote breast cancer resistance to endocrine therapy. We have therefore investigated whether neoadjuvant gefitinib, an EGFR inhibitor, might overcome biologic and clinical resistance to neoadjuvant anastrozole in a phase II placebo-controlled trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
The study of changes in proliferation as a marker of treatment benefit during presurgical endocrine treatment of breast cancer has become increasingly popular, particularly using the nuclear marker Ki67, and holds the potential for prioritizing new treatments for full clinical development. There are weakly significant relationships between Ki67 change and(More)