Geraldine T Petr

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Excitotoxicity is thought to be important in the pathogenesis of Huntington's disease (HD). Glutamate is the predominant excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain, and excess activation of glutamate receptors can cause neuronal dysfunction and death. Glutamate transporters regulate the extracellular concentration of glutamate. GLT-1 is the most abundant(More)
Excitotoxicity may contribute to the pathogenesis of Huntington's disease. High affinity Na+ dependent glutamate transporters, residing in the plasma membrane, clear glutamate from the extracellular space and are the primary means of protection against excitotoxicity. Many reports suggest that Huntington's disease is associated with a decrease in the(More)
GLT-1 (EAAT2; slc1a2) is the major glutamate transporter in the brain, and is predominantly expressed in astrocytes, but at lower levels also in excitatory terminals. We generated a conditional GLT-1 knock-out mouse to uncover cell-type-specific functional roles of GLT-1. Inactivation of the GLT-1 gene was achieved in either neurons or astrocytes by(More)
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Huntington's disease (HD), however, the origin of the oxidative stress is unknown. System xc(-) plays a role in the import of cystine to synthesize the antioxidant glutathione. We found in the STHdh(Q7/Q7) and STHdh(Q111/Q111) striatal cell lines, derived from neuronal precursor cells isolated from(More)
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