Geraldine Osborne

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Offspring of rats that were intubated with ethanol during Days 10--14 of gestation and offspring in two control groups were compared on measures of growth, viability, and performance in behavioral tasks. Influences of postnatal environment were assessed by using fostering-cross fostering procedures and by providing different postweaning housing conditions.(More)
BACKGROUND The northern territory Nunavut has Canada's largest jurisdictional land mass with 33,322 inhabitants, of which 85% self-identify as Inuit. Nunavut has rates of infant mortality, postneonatal mortality and hospitalisation of infants for respiratory infections that greatly exceed those for the rest of Canada. The infant mortality rate in Nunavut is(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence rate of active tuberculosis (TB) disease in the Canadian Territory of Nunavut has shown a rising trend over the past 10 years. In 2010 it was 60 times greater than the national incidence rate. The objective of the Taima (translates to "stop" in Inuktitut) TB study was to implement and evaluate a public health campaign to enhance(More)
BACKGROUND Community members, Aboriginal organizations, public servants and academics have long been describing a desperate situation of food insecurity in the Eastern Canadian Arctic. OBJECTIVE The Nunavut Food Security Coalition, a partnership of Inuit Organizations and the Government of Nunavut, is collaborating to develop a territorial food security(More)
Dietary transition in the Arctic is associated with decreased quality of diet, which is of particular concern for women of childbearing age due to the potential impact of maternal nutrition status on the next generation. The study assessed dietary intake and adequacy among Inuit women of childbearing age living in three communities in Nunavut, Canada. A(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the postnatal effects of long-term chronic exposure to ethanol in a treatment that has been shown to alter fetal viability and protein synthesis. Two groups of dams were included. One group (n = 7) received alcohol (6% w/v) in a liquid diet (Bio-Serve) prior to mating as well as throughout pregnancy.(More)
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