Geraldine M Rath

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BACKGROUND In endothelial cells, caveolin-1, the structural protein of caveolae, acts as a scaffolding protein to cluster lipids and signaling molecules within caveolae and, in some instances, regulates the activity of proteins targeted to caveolae. Specifically, different putative mediators of the endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-mediated(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the impact of hypoxia-reoxygenation on endothelial relaxation and aimed to clarify the role of transient receptor potential cation channels V4 (TRPV4) and gap junctions in the protective effect associated with hypoxic preconditioning on the vascular function. METHODS AND RESULTS By mimicking ischemia-reperfusion in C57BL/6 male(More)
Thrombospondins belong to a family of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins widely found from embryonic to adult tissues. The modular structure of thrombospondins contains a series of peptide sequences implicated in a multiplicity of biological functions. Extracellular matrix undergoes important alterations under proteolysis that occurs in pathological(More)
Camptothecin and doxorubicin belong to a family of anticancer drugs that exert cytotoxic effects by triggering apoptosis in various cell types. However there have only been few investigations showing that matricellular proteins like thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) could be involved in the underlying mechanism of this cytotoxicity. In this report, using Hoechst(More)
Blood coagulation starts immediately after damage to the vascular endothelium. This system is essential for minimizing blood loss from an injured blood vessel but also contributes to vascular thrombosis. Although it has long been thought that the intrinsic coagulation pathway is not important for clotting in vivo, recent data obtained with genetically(More)
Thrombospondin-1, a multi-modular matrix protein is able to interact with a variety of matrix proteins and cell-surface receptors. Thus it is multifunctional. In this work, we examined the role of thrombospondin-1 in ceramide-induced thyroid apoptosis. We focused on the VVM containing sequence localized in the C-terminal domain of the molecule. Primary(More)
In addition to its role in the regulation of artery contraction, Rho kinase (ROCK) was reported to be involved in the cytosolic calcium response to vasoconstrictor agonists in rat aorta and superior mesenteric artery (SMA). However, it remains to be determined whether ROCK also contributes to calcium signaling in resistance arteries, which play a major role(More)
OBJECTIVE We analyzed the role of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) in the cross-talk between NADPH oxidase and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) signaling in endothelial caveolae. METHODS AND RESULTS In intact endothelial cells, angiotensin II (AII) concurrently increased NO and O(2)(-·) production (to 158±12% and 209±5% of control). NO production was sensitive(More)
Endothelium plays a crucial role in the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis through the release of vasoactive factors. Nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHF) are the two major actors controlling the vasomotor tone. The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) was reported in the mid 90ies to be under the control of(More)
Recent studies have introduced the importance of transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 4 (TRPV4) channels in the regulation of vascular tone. TRPV4 channels are expressed in both endothelium and vascular smooth muscle cells and can be activated by numerous stimuli including mechanical (eg, shear stress, cell swelling, and heat) and chemical (eg,(More)