Geraldine M. McGuire

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We report the spectrum of 59 ATM mutations observed in ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) patients in the British Isles. Of 51 ATM mutations identified in families native to the British Isles, 11 were founder mutations, and 2 of these 11 conferred a milder clinical phenotype with respect to both cerebellar degeneration and cellular features. We report, in two A-T(More)
The potential role of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the pathogenesis of reperfusion injury was investigated in male Fischer rats subjected to 45 min of hepatic ischemia and 24 h of reperfusion. ICAM-1 mRNA levels increased during ischemia in the ischemic liver lobes; however, during reperfusion mRNA levels increased in both the ischemic and(More)
BACKGROUND Cytotoxic products of neutrophils (polymorphonuclear leukocytes, PMNs) contribute to ischemia-reperfusion injury of several tissues. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), one of the cytotoxic products of PMNs, also promotes the adherence of PMNs to cultured vascular endothelial cells in vitro. The present study was undertaken to determine if H2O2 also(More)
Ataxia telangiectasia is a recessive disorder in which patients show a progressive cerebellar degeneration leading to ataxia, abnormal eye movements and deterioration of speech. Other features include ocular telangiectasia, high serum AFP levels, immunodeficiency, growth retardation and an increased predisposition to some tumours, particularly T cell(More)
The potential role of reactive oxygen species generated by Kupffer cells and neutrophils was investigated in a model of endotoxin-enhanced liver injury after hepatic ischemia. Male Fischer rats were subjected to 20 min ischemia and reperfusion of up to 24 h; .5 mg/kg Salmonella enteritidis endotoxin was injected at 30 min of reperfusion. The animals(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and selectins (E- and P-selectin) mRNAs were determined in individual liver cell types by Northern blot analysis before and after injection of endotoxin. A constitutive expression of ICAM-1 mRNA was found in endothelial cells and Kupffer cells but not in hepatocytes. All three cell types showed upregulation of(More)
Plasma levels of glutathione disulfide (GSSG) as an indicator of a vascular oxidant stress, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) formation, and liver injury (alanine aminotransferase activity, histology) were monitored in male Fischer rats after 30 min of hepatic ischemia followed by up to 4 hr of reperfusion. The injection of 1 mg/kg Salmonella(More)
A brother and sister are described with severe microcephaly of prenatal onset, normal intellectual and motor development, chromosomal breakage and cellular immunodeficiency, which is characteristic of the autosomal recessive condition, Nijmegen breakage syndrome. The proband was a girl who presented at 15 months, with normal developmental milestones and an(More)
We have identified 14 families with ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) in which mutation of the ATM gene is associated with a less severe clinical and cellular phenotype (approximately 10%-15% of A-T families identified in the United Kingdom). In 10 of these families, all the homozygotes have a 137-bp insertion in their cDNA caused by a point mutation in a(More)
Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a potent chemotactic compound for neutrophils and is thought to be an important mediator of myocardial ischemia-reflow injury. We have measured LTB4 in rabbit cardiac tissue following ischemia-reflow using a sensitive and specific gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) assay. The concentration of LTB4 in rabbit myocardium(More)