Geraldine D Kavembe

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Lake Magadi, an alkaline hypersaline lake in Kenya, is one of the most extreme water bodies known. Although its water temperatures often exceed 40°C, a particular lineage of ‘dwarf’ tilapia, Alcolapia grahami, has evolved remarkable adaptations to survive in this hostile environment. Magadi tilapia exists in small fragmented populations in isolated lagoons(More)
We investigated the transepithelial potential (TEP) and its responses to changes in the external medium in Alcolapia grahami, a small cichlid fish living in Lake Magadi, Kenya. Magadi water is extremely alkaline (pH = 9.92) and otherwise unusual: titratable alkalinity (290 mequiv L−1, i.e. HCO3 − and CO3 2−) rather than Cl− (112 mmol L−1) represents the(More)
The Magadi tilapia (Alcolapia grahami) is a cichlid fish that inhabits one of the Earth’s most extreme aquatic environments, with high pH (~10), salinity (~60 % of seawater), high temperatures (~40 °C), and fluctuating oxygen regimes. The Magadi tilapia evolved several unique behavioral, physiological, and anatomical adaptations, some of which are(More)
The Magadi tilapia, Alcolapia grahami, a small cichlid fish of Lake Magadi, Kenya lives in one of the most challenging aquatic environments on earth, characterized by very high alkalinity, unusual water chemistry, and extreme O2, ROS, and temperature regimes. In contrast to most fishes which live at temperatures substantially lower than the 36-40 °C of(More)
Insect larvae are reported to be a major component of the simple but highly productive trophic web found in Lake Magadi (Kenya, Africa), which is considered to be one of the most extreme aquatic environments on Earth. Previous studies show that fish must display biochemical and physiological adjustments to thrive under the extreme conditions of the lake.(More)
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