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The development of a number of sensorimotor reflexes was studied in the Brazilian opossum Monodelphis domestica. At birth, an opossum's forelimbs execute rhythmic, alternate movements which resemble swimming, whereas the hindlimbs are little more than embryonic buds that do not move independent of the trunk. It is possible, therefore, to witness the entire(More)
The origin of the long descending propriospinal (LDP) projections have been studied in adult and developing opossums, Monodelphis domestica. This species has been chosen because of the considerable immaturity of the hindlimbs at birth, the postnatal appearance of their motility and the late development of coordination between them and the forelimbs.(More)
The study examined changes in the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in a large hospital for people with a learning disability over a 2 year period, the use of investigations, and the presence of medication side-effects. The surveys were carried out in 1993 and 1995/6. In 1993, 27% of patients were being treated for epilepsy and in 1995/6, 30.1%. Ninety(More)
BACKGROUND The population of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is increasing and their health needs impact on primary and secondary healthcare specialities. One important aspect of their physical health is bone health as people with ID have increased risk factors associated with osteoporosis. It has been identified that this population has an(More)
The development of spontaneous locomotor behaviors was studied in the opossum Monodelphis domestica. The newborn opossum performs alternate, rhythmic movements with its forelimbs to crawl on the mother's belly where it attaches to a nipple, and its hindlimbs are little more than embryonic buds. The forelimbs retain the above movements for about 3 weeks,(More)
The ontogeny of a number of sensorimotor reflexes has been studied in the Mongolian gerbil. In contrast to a number of other mammals, the gerbil has relatively long and strong hindlimbs but small forelimbs, indicating their different importance for a number of locomotor acts, and during the developmental period studied, the hindlimbs grow at a much faster(More)
Most behavioral studies on the ontogeny of sensorimotor reflexes and locomotion were done in quadrupedal species with equally developed forelimbs (FL) and hindlimbs (HL). In contrast, the Mongolian gerbil has long and strong HL but relatively small FL, indicating their differential use for locomotion. We have used the gerbil to study the ontogeny of a(More)
Ninety-two consecutive attenders at a day hospital for the assessment of dementia were assessed using the CAMDEX schedule. The prevalence of depression in the 58 dementia sufferers who fulfilled the entry criteria for the study was 24.1%. The prevalence of depression was similar in patients with senile dementia of Alzheimer's type and those with vascular(More)
How menopause affects women with learning disabilities is a neglected area of research. Women with learning disabilities experience the same physiological effects of the menopause as others, including hot flushes and night sweats, but difficulties in understanding and communication mean that additional supports are often required. They are less likely to(More)
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