Geraldine Brown

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RATIONALE The conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm has been used as a measure of the rewarding effects of a number of stimuli. Critically, this classical conditioning procedure requires the formation of associations between a rewarding stimulus and environmental cues, and the ability of these cues to direct subsequent behaviour. OBJECTIVES The(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic urticaria (CU) in childhood remains a challenge for investigation, and its etiology is largely unknown. Autoantibodies to the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcepsilonRI) are believed to play a role in the pathogenesis of this disease in adults. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of autoantibodies to FcepsilonRIalpha on basophils in(More)
In Britain, teenage pregnancy is seen as both a cause and a consequence of social exclusion. The emphasis on 'prevention' of teenage pregnancy and a limited conception of 'support' within the Teenage Pregnancy Strategy (Social Exclusion Unit, 1999) positions parenthood for young people as a negative choice; this dominant discourse is likely to influence(More)
Repeated withdrawal from ethanol, a procedure which resembles amygdala kindling in increasing seizure sensitivity, impairs the acquisition of fear conditioning (Stephens et al., 2001, Eur. J. Neurosci.,14, 2023-31). In contrast, rats previously kindled by repeated electrical stimulation of basolateral amygdala, or repeated administration of(More)
The HIV/AIDS pandemic continues to be a major health crisis facing the African American community. Although African Americans make up only about twelve percent of the U.S. population, they accounted for half of the new HIV infections reported in the United States in 2001. Numerous studies suggest that many new infections occur among young African Americans.(More)
Northeastern corner of Africa, lying at the crossroads between the two continents of Europe and Asia (in the Sinai Peninsula), while bordering Libya, Sudan, Israel and the Red Sea. Egypt is the most ancient tourist country in the world. Several health fact-finding missions in the last few years were made to this small country that is frequently defined by(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a global problem in today's society. Presently, there is no cure for this devastating disease, but there are many treatment modalities from which to choose. The medications called antiretroviral agents must be carefully selected and customized for each person who is being treated for an HIV infection. Physicians and(More)