Gerald Wiest

Learn More
To determine age-related changes, the initial linear vestibulo-ocular reflex (LVOR) of eight older subjects of mean age 65±7 years (mean ± SD, range 56–75 years) was compared with that of nine younger subjects of mean age 24±5 years (range 18–31 years) in response to random transients of whole-body heave (interaural) translation at peak acceleration of 0.5g(More)
We determined the effects of hippocampal lesions on idiothetic spatial orientation by exposing 14 patients with unilateral hippocampal atrophy and/or sclerosis (HAS) and 10 normal controls to random rotational displacements (+/-30 degrees -180 degrees ) in darkness and examined their ability to rotate themselves back to the initial position. In comparison(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess residual vestibular function in patients with severe bilateral vestibulopathy comparing low frequency sinusoidal rotation with the novel technique of random, high acceleration rotation of the whole body. METHODS Eye movements were recorded by electro-oculography in darkness during passive, whole body sinusoidal yaw rotations at(More)
Vestibular parxoysmia (VP) is a rare vestibular disorder. A neurovascular cross-compression (NVCC) between the vestibulochochlear nerve and an artery seems to be responsible for short attacks of vertigo in this entity. An NVCC can be seen in up to every fourth subject. The significance of these findings is not clear, as not all subjects suffer from(More)
The vestibulo-ocular reflexes stabilize retinal images during head movements. While there is a wealth of information about the interaction between the cerebellum and vestibulo-ocular reflexes mediated by the semicircular canals, little is known about the role of the cerebellum in the generation of the otolith-mediated linear vestibulo-ocular reflex (LVOR).(More)
The authors describe a 16-year-old patient with recurrent episodes of epileptic linear self-motion perception and occasional body tilts. Intracranial seizure monitoring located the seizure onset, caused by a circumscribed ependymoma, in the right paramedian precuneus. Electrical cortical stimulation of this area could reproduce the same vestibular(More)
The linear vestibulo-ocular reflex (LVOR) was studied in eight normal human subjects of average age 24±5 years. Subjects underwent a sudden heave (mediolateral) translation delivered by a pneumatic servo-driven chair with a peak acceleration of 0.5 g while viewing earth-fixed targets at 15, 25, 50, and 200 cm. Stimuli were provided both with targets(More)