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In this study, we investigated a new method of training for maximal strength and flexibility, which included exertion with superimposed vibration (vibratory stimulation, VS) on target muscles. Twenty-eight male athletes were divided into three groups, and trained three times a week for 3 weeks in one of the following conditions: (A) conventional exercises(More)
Fourteen elite and 14 amateur athletes were subjected to vibratory stimulation during bilateral biceps curl exercises of explosive strength exertion. The athletes performed two separate series of three sets of exercises in random order. The second set of one series was administered with superimposed vibration of 44 Hz and an acceleration of about 30 m x(More)
Many recent studies have reported that resistance training can be effective in producing strength gains among prepubescents. These studies appear to refute the early claims of ineffectiveness of resistance training in children. A meta-analysis procedure combines the results of individual empirical studies and estimates a standardised effect, termed effect(More)
We address here the problem of obtaining lower bounds for τm in terms of τ1. For m > 2, the quantity τm may be thought of as the global amount of m-overlapping in the family {Ej} k j=1. Many problems in Combinatorial Number Theory may be tackled by using estimates for τm. According to the specific situation under consideration, appropriate choices of the(More)
To evaluate the effect of a 9-week interval training program on aerobic capacity, anaerobic capacity, and indices of anaerobic threshold of preadolescent boys, 28 10.2- to 11.6-year-old boys were tested. The test included laboratory evaluation of anaerobic capacity (Wingate anaerobic test) and evaluation of VO2 max and anaerobic threshold indices from a(More)
This study examined the capability and efficiency of two commonly used scales, the trait and trait and state inventories (Spielberger et al., 1970), to measure anxiety construct (N = 100). The probabilistic Rasch Model (Wright & Masters, 1982) was applied to athletes' responses to trait and state anxiety items before competition (stress). The analysis(More)
Team handball players (N = 118) underwent a number of cognitive tests to examine how much of their decision making (DM) ability, as measured through responses to game slides projected to them for 2 seconds under low and high exertion levels (i.e., walking and running), was accounted for by cognitive components. A stepwise multiple linear regression(More)
55 rifle shooters were administered state-trait anxiety and self-control questionnaires. Shooting performance was recorded on 7 competitive occasions. Analysis indicated shooting performance is dependent more on anxiety state than on anxiety trait and self-control. Highly skilled shooters were less anxious and performed better across all competitions than(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine whether breathing pattern may be used as a reliable index for the effectiveness of techniques applied for the regulation of mental states. Heart rate (HR), breathing pattern, galvanic skin response (GSR), and electromyogram (EMG) of the frontalis muscle were measured in 39 male and female subjects aged 18-25(More)
In 13 of 17 infants (aged 10.5 +/- 4.3; mean +/- SD mo) with iron-deficiency anemia, the serum 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D concentration was below the normal range and in 9 of these 13 the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration was below the normal range despite the fact that these infants received 10 micrograms vitamin D/d from the age of 1 mo. The infants(More)