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Embryonic metanephroi, differentiating into the adult kidney, have come to be a generally accepted model system for organogenesis. Nephrogenesis implies a highly controlled series of morphogenetic and differentiation events that starts with reciprocal inductive interactions between two different primordial tissues and leads, in one of two mainstream(More)
Cell migration requires integration of cellular processes resulting in cell polarization and actin dynamics. Previous work using tools of Drosophila genetics suggested that protocadherin fat serves in a pathway necessary for determining cell polarity in the plane of a tissue. Here we identify mammalian FAT1 as a proximal element of a signaling pathway that(More)
 The metanephric, or definitive, kidney forms as a result of inductive processes between tissues of two distinct embryologic orgins, the metanephric mesenchymal blastema and the ureteric bud. After inductive signalling between these primordial tissues, mesenchymal cells aggregate next to the branching ureteric bud tip, convert to epithelial cells and(More)
Arthropathy is a leading clinical manifestation of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH), but involvement of the ankle and hindfoot joints is rare. We describe 3 male patients who presented with symmetrical pain and swelling of the ankles. Radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging showed severe osteoarthritic degenerative changes with a radiological triad of(More)
Cadherin FAT1 is localized along the leading edge of mammalian cells and is necessary for polarization and directed migration. It is essential for maintenance of the complex cytoarchitecture of the glomerular filtration barrier within the kidney. In this study, three novel splice isoforms of FAT1 with important functional differences in comparison with(More)
The expression patterns of plasma membrane transporters that specify the epithelial cell type are acquired with ontogeny. To study this process during metanephrogenic mesenchyme-to-epithelium transition, branching ureteric buds with their adjacent mesenchymal blastema (mouse embryonic day E14) were dissected and explanted on a collagen matrix. In culture,(More)
Pathologic proliferation of mesangial and parietal epithelial cells (PECs) is a hallmark of various glomerulonephritides. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pleiotropic cytokine that mediates inflammation by engagement of a receptor complex involving the components CD74, CD44, CXCR2, and CXCR4. The proliferative effects of MIF may involve(More)
OBJECTIVE Carnosinase 1 (CN1) is a secreted dipeptidase that hydrolyzes L-carnosine. Recently, we have identified an allelic variant of human CN1 (hCN1) that results in increased enzyme activity and is associated with susceptibility for diabetic nephropathy in human diabetic patients. We therefore hypothesized that L-carnosine in the serum represents a(More)
There is ongoing controversy about the mechanisms that determine the characteristics of the glomerular filter. Here, we tested whether flow across the glomerular filter generates extracellular electrical potential differences, which could be an important determinant of glomerular filtration. In micropuncture experiments in Necturus maculosus, we measured a(More)
BACKGROUND Herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) has been described to cause respiratory tract infections in critically ill patients or in individuals that are immunocompromised. It is a continuing matter of debate under which circumstances HSV-1 is a relevant pathogen for pneumonitis. While its role during critical illness has been investigated by(More)