Gerald S. Lazarus

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BACKGROUND Chronic wounds represent a worldwide problem. For laboratory and clinical research to adequately address this problem, a common language needs to exist. OBSERVATION This language should include a system of wound classification, a lexicon of wound descriptors, and a description of the processes that are likely to affect wound healing and wound(More)
Secretory granules of human dermal mast cells contain a chymotrypsin-like serine proteinase called chymase. In this study, we demonstrate that the inactive cytokine, 31 kD interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta), can be converted rapidly to an 18 kD biologically active species by human mast cell chymase. The product formed is three amino acids longer at the amino(More)
UNLABELLED Chronic wounds are a major healthcare problem costing the United States billions of dollars a year. The American Academy of Dermatology has underscored the significance of wound care in dermatological practice. It is critical for all dermatologists to understand the elements of diagnosis and therapy. We emphasize major aspects of diagnosis and(More)
Binding of anti-cell surface pemphigus autoantibodies to cultured human epidermal cells stimulates synthesis and secretion of plasminogen activator (PA). Increases in PA activity were detected within 6 h of the addition of IgG and stimulation was dependent upon IgG concentration. Stimulation of PA activity was inhibited by cycloheximide, which indicates(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial colonization is hypothesized to play a pathogenic role in the non-healing state of chronic wounds. We characterized wound bacteria from a cohort of chronic wound patients using a 16S rRNA gene-based pyrosequencing approach and assessed the impact of diabetes and antibiotics on chronic wound microbiota. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS(More)
This study establishes the primary structure of human skin chymase and provides further evidence for the presence of a cathepsin G-like proteinase within human mast cells. The amino acid sequence of human skin chymase was established by protein methods and by analysis of PCR amplification products obtained with cDNA-derived from urticaria pigmentosa (UP)(More)
The sensitivity to serine proteinases of cellular proteins involved in cell-matrix adhesion was investigated using C32 melanoma cells. Cells dissociated from monolayers by the metal chelator ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid were incubated with proteolytic enzymes, and then attachment was quantified by standard cell adhesion assays. The effect of proteinases(More)
The subcellular localization of human skin chymase to mast cell granules was established by immunoelectron microscopy, and binding of chymase to the area of the dermo-epidermal junction, a basement membrane, was demonstrated immunocytochemically in cryosections incubated with purified proteinase prior to immunolabeling. Because heparin and heparan sulfate(More)
Plasminogen activator (PA), which catalyzes the conversion of plasminogen to the proteinase plasmin, has been implicated in a variety of cutaneous disorders. Lesional epidermis from patients with psoriasis, pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid, and Hailey-Hailey disease contains elevated levels of tissue-type PA (tPA) activity compared to non-lesional epidermis or(More)