Gerald Martin

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We present a short summary of recent observations on the global distribution of the major clades of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, the causative agent of tuberculosis. This global distribution was defined by data-mining of an international spoligotyping database, SpolDB3. This database contains 11708 patterns from as many clinical isolates(More)
We have used a large pattern test mask and a specific arrangement of structures on a wafer for direct measurement of an average planarization length for copper chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) processes. We propose new minimum, maximum, and average planarization length definitions , based on up and down area measurements as a function of trench width.(More)
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