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The neuroendocrine polypeptide 7B2 is a highly conserved secretory protein selectively present in prohormone-producing cells equipped with a regulated secretory pathway. We find that the amino-terminal half of 7B2 is distantly related to chaperonins, a subclass of molecular chaperones. When incubated in vitro with newly synthesized pituitary proteins,(More)
The cerebral cortex of Alzheimer's and Down syndrome patients is characterized by the presence of protein deposits in neurofibrillary tangles, neuritic plaques, and neuropil threads. These structures were shown to contain forms of beta amyloid precursor protein and ubiquitin-B that are aberrant (+1 proteins) in the carboxyl terminus. The +1 proteins were(More)
Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) is the precursor for a number of biologically active peptides such as adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) and beta-endorphin. It is well known that these peptides are involved in the stress response in fish as well as in mammals. We have cloned two different carp POMC cDNAs called,(More)
Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) is the precursor of a number of biologically active peptides, including adrenocorticotropic hormone, alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone and beta-endorphin, which are released by the pituitary glands of fish as well as mammals. To quantify the levels of expression of the two POMC mRNAs relative to one another during the response(More)
7B2 is a neuroendocrine chaperone interacting with the prohormone convertase PC2 in the regulated secretory pathway. Its gene is located near the Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) region on chromosome 15. In a previous study we were able to show 7B2 immunoreactivity in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) or the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in only three of five PWS(More)
Although hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is involved in the stress response in all vertebrate groups, only a limited number of studies on this neuroendocrine peptide deals with non-mammalian neuroendocrine systems. We determined the cDNA sequence of the CRH precursor of the teleost Oreochromis mossambicus (tilapia) and studied the(More)
In the pars intermedia of the pituitary gland of the amphibian Xenopus laevis the level of mRNA encoding proopiomelanocortin (POMC), the precursor protein for alpha-melanophore-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), is shown to be dependent on physiological parameters. POMC mRNA levels in the pars intermedia of black-background-adapted Xenopus are much higher(More)
In the amphibian intermediate pituitary gland the biosynthetic activity for production of the precursor protein proopiomelanocortin (POMC) can be physiologically manipulated; POMC synthesis is high in animals adapted to a black background and low in white-adapted animals. In order to study genes associated with POMC gene expression we applied a differential(More)
In the amphibian Xenopus laevis the D2 dopamine receptor is involved in the regulation of the melanotrope cells of the intermediate pituitary during background adaptation of the animal. The Xenopus D2 receptor has been found to be pharmacologically different from the mammalian D2 receptor. In a number of mammalian species alternative splicing generates two(More)
Proopomelanocortin (POMC) is the precursor protein for a number of peptide hormones and neuropeptides, and the POMC gene is transcriptionally very active in the pars intermedia of the pituitary of the amphibian Xenopus laevis (Xenopus). We analysed the expression of this gene during Xenopus embryogenesis, in order to examine whether it can function as a(More)