Gerald M. Lawrie

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BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs) play a central role in arterial wall remodeling, affecting stability of fibrous caps covering atherosclerotic plaques. The objective of this study was to determine the spatial distribution of TIMP mass and MMP mass and activity of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) tissues and relate it to(More)
Background—Conventional Doppler measurements have limitations in the prediction of left atrial pressure (LAP) in patients with mitral valve disease (MVD), given the confounding effect of valve area, left ventricular (LV) relaxation, and stiffness. However, the time interval between the onset of early diastolic mitral inflow velocity (E) and annular early(More)
The significant risk of fatal myocardial infarction after carotid endarterectomy in patients with coronary disease long has been recognized. In 1,546 consecutive carotid endarterectomies performed in 1,238 patients over the last 10 years, angina pectoris was present in 17% (212/1,238) of patients; a further 32% (396/1,238) of patients were asymptomatic, but(More)
BACKGROUND Whether cardioinhibitory cytokines are elevated in regions of hibernating myocardium and account in part for the depression in resting function is currently not known. Methods and Results- Thirteen patients with stable ischemic ventricular dysfunction scheduled for bypass surgery underwent preoperative dobutamine echocardiography (DE) and(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) has been used to evaluate myocardial viability. There are no data, however, on the pathological determinants of myocardial perfusion by MCE in humans and the implications of such determinants. METHODS AND RESULTS MCE was performed in 20 patients with coronary artery disease and ventricular dysfunction(More)
BACKGROUND There are currently no data on the accuracy of intravenous myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in detecting myocardial hibernation in man and its comparative accuracy to dobutamine echocardiography (DE) or thallium 201 (Tl(201)) scintigraphy. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty patients with coronary artery disease and ventricular dysfunction(More)
To determine whether a regional approach to surgery for ventricular tachycardia would improve on the results of previously reported methods of endocardial resection, an analysis was performed of our surgical experience over a 5 year period. Of 46 consecutive patients operated on for recurrent sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation, 39(More)
Because of renewed interest in the progression, stabilization, and regression of atherosclerotic plaques, it has become important to develop methods for characterizing structural features of plaques in situ and noninvasively. We present a nondestructive method for ex vivo quantification of 2 solid-phase components of plaques: crystalline cholesterol and(More)
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the capability of feature space analysis (FSA) for quantifying the relative volumes of principal components (thrombus, calcification, fibrous, normal intima, and lipid) of atherosclerotic plaque tissue in multicontrast magnetic resonance images (mc-MRI) acquired in a setup resembling clinical conditions ex vivo.(More)
From 1967 to 1979, 25 patients (pts) were operated on for fibromuscular disease (FMD) of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Eleven patients (44%) had transient weakness of an extremity, 4 had amaurosis fugax and 6 (24%) had an asymptomatic carotid bruit. Bilateral carotid arteriography showed significant stenotic lesions in 23 pts (92%) (bilateral in 10),(More)