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BACKGROUND There are currently no data on the accuracy of intravenous myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in detecting myocardial hibernation in man and its comparative accuracy to dobutamine echocardiography (DE) or thallium 201 (Tl(201)) scintigraphy. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty patients with coronary artery disease and ventricular dysfunction(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs) play a central role in arterial wall remodeling, affecting stability of fibrous caps covering atherosclerotic plaques. The objective of this study was to determine the spatial distribution of TIMP mass and MMP mass and activity of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) tissues and relate it to(More)
To determine the long-term influence of the severity of preoperative diabetes mellitus on the results of coronary bypass, a review was made of 212 diabetics operated on between 1968 and 1973, of whom 87 patients (41%) were receiving no drugs, 108 patients (50.9%) were receiving oral hypoglycemic agents, and 17 patients (8%) were receiving insulin. They were(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to examine the prognostic utility of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in patients with chronic mitral regurgitation undergoing mitral valve repair. METHODS This study is a prospectively enrolled observational cohort study of 48 consecutive patients with chronic mitral regurgitation who had preoperative(More)
The significant risk of fatal myocardial infarction after carotid endarterectomy in patients with coronary disease long has been recognized. In 1,546 consecutive carotid endarterectomies performed in 1,238 patients over the last 10 years, angina pectoris was present in 17% (212/1,238) of patients; a further 32% (396/1,238) of patients were asymptomatic, but(More)
The records of 13,827 patients admitted on one or more occasions to The Methodist Hospital in Houston on the service of the senior author for the treatment of arterial atherosclerotic occlusive disease from 1948 to 1983 were analyzed. The data derived from this analysis are believed to support the concept that atherosclerotic occlusive disease tends to(More)
Background—Conventional Doppler measurements have limitations in the prediction of left atrial pressure (LAP) in patients with mitral valve disease (MVD), given the confounding effect of valve area, left ventricular (LV) relaxation, and stiffness. However, the time interval between the onset of early diastolic mitral inflow velocity (E) and annular early(More)
BACKGROUND Assessment of myocardial viability by 99mTc-sestamibi remains controversial. Accordingly, we investigated the use of sestamibi as a marker of myocardial viability, defined by histopathology, and for predicting improvement of myocardial function after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS AND RESULTS 99mTc-sestamibi perfusion(More)
Prosthetic valve thrombosis remains a significant problem despite anticoagulation therapy and advances in valve design. Thrombolytic therapy offers an alternative approach to valve replacement in patients with high surgical risk. In this article we discuss three cases in which Doppler echocardiography was used to confirm the diagnosis of prosthetic mitral(More)