Gerald M. Larson

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BACKGROUND We studied the etiology, treatment, and outcome of enterocutaneous fistulas in 106 patients to evaluate our current practice and the impact of newer therapies-octreotide, wound vacuum-assisted closure (VAC), and fibrin glue-on clinical outcomes. Review of the literature and our own 1990 study indicate a mortality rate of 5% to 20% for(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the impact of risk factors on the development of stress-related upper gastrointestinal bleeding in severe head injury patients randomized to treatment with a 6.25 mg/hr continuous ranitidine infusion or placebo. DESIGN Prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study. SETTING Ten(More)
We analyzed the results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 1,983 patients from a variety of practice settings in order to evaluate a large, cross-sectional experience for this new procedure. Twenty general surgeons from 9 clinics in 4 states examined the records and outcome of their laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients through March 1991. In 88 patients(More)
  • G M Larson
  • The Surgical clinics of North America
  • 2000
An analysis of these results indicates that laparoscopic hernia repair can be performed safely by experienced laparoscopic surgeons, and with lower perioperative complication rates than for open hernia repair. Although the follow-up period for the laparoscopic repair is only 2 or 3 years, the recurrence rate is likely lower than with open repair. Most(More)
Colonoscopy is generally considered to be an important part of the follow-up program for patients who have undergone curative resection of colorectal cancer. However, there are few data available concerning the frequency with which colonoscopy should be performed and for what length of time after operation. Since 1978, our policy has been to examine the(More)
BACKGROUND Current options in the management of bile duct injuries caused by laparoscopic cholecystectomy include diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and open laparotomy with direct repair. The goal of this review was to clarify the role and evaluate the potential of endoscopic techniques to diagnose and treat(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the indications and results of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for gallstone disease since the advent of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In our personal series of 410 consecutive cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, we found 17 common bile duct (CBD) stones; seven were identified by preop ERCP,(More)
BACKGROUND The reported incidence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after gastric surgery is 5% to 25% and usually is based on operations for peptic ulcer disease. Ongoing improvements in perioperative care, nutritional support, and new prokinetic drugs may have had a beneficial effect on the frequency and course of postoperative DGE. METHODS We therefore(More)
Since January 1990, we have treated 113 patients for gallstone pancreatitis; 59 with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), 50 with open cholecystectomy, and 4 with ERCP/sphincterotomy only. In the LC group, 47 had LC during the index admission and 12 underwent delayed LC. Fifty patients had open cholecystectomy, 47 during the index admission. ERCPs were(More)
General surgeons commonly perform upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in practice, but few perform endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), partly because of limited training opportunities. This report focuses on the value of an ERCP fellowship training program to a broad-based, mature residency in surgery and our observations on the experience(More)