Gerald J. Kutcher

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During external beam radiotherapy, normal tissues are irradiated along with the tumor. Radiation therapists try to minimize the dose of normal tissues while delivering a high dose to the target volume. Often this is difficult and complications arise due to irradiation of normal tissues. These complications depend not only on the dose but also on volume of(More)
PURPOSE Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) is a technique designed to deliver prescribed radiation doses to localized tumors with high precision, while effectively excluding the surrounding normal tissues. It facilitates tumor dose escalation which should overcome the relative resistance of tumor clonogens to conventional radiation dose(More)
An estimation of normal tissue complication probability factors is important, particularly for evaluating 3-dimensional treatment plans. A method has been developed to calculate complication probability factors for non-uniformly irradiated normal organs using dose volume histograms and complication probabilities for uniform partial organ irradiation. In the(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE This study evaluates the dosimetric benefits and feasibility of a deep inspiration breath-hold (DIBH) technique in the treatment of lung tumors. The technique has two distinct features--deep inspiration, which reduces lung density, and breath-hold, which immobilizes lung tumors, thereby allowing for reduced margins. Both of these(More)
PURPOSE (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) combined with computer tomography (PET-CT) is superior to CT alone in mediastinal lymph node (LN) staging in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We studied the potential impact of this non-invasive LN staging procedure on the radiation treatment plan of patients with NSCLC. (More)
In this paper a method of computer-aided optimization of 3-D conformal treatment plans is presented which incorporates models to predict the clinical consequences of resulting dose distributions. Even though these models are simplistic, it is submitted that their intelligent use leads to treatment plans which indicate lower normal tissue complications and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether the use of transaxial and coronal MR imaging improves the ability to localize the apex of the prostate and the anterior part of the rectum compared to the use of transaxial CT alone, and whether the incorporation of MR could improve the coverage of the prostate by the radiotherapy field and change the volume of rectum(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively assess the effect of supine vs. prone treatment position on the dose to normal tissues in prostate cancer patients treated with the three-dimensional conformal technique. METHODS AND MATERIALS Twenty-six patients underwent three-dimensional treatment planning in both the supine and prone treatment positions. The planning target(More)
New tools are needed to help in evaluating 3-D treatment plans because of the large volume of data. One technique which may prove useful is the application of complication probability calculations. A method of calculating complication probabilities for inhomogeneously irradiated normal tissues is presented in this paper. The method uses clinical estimates(More)