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NF-kappa B/Rel proteins are ubiquitous transcription factors that are activated by proinflammatory signals or engagement of Ag receptors. To study the role of NF-kappa B/Rel signaling in T lymphocytes during autoimmune disease, we investigated type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in transgenic mice expressing a constitutive inhibitor of NF-kappa B/Rel(More)
The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) restriction of the IgE response to different allergens in humans has been a subject of numerous published studies. However, the role and contribution of specific HLA class II molecules in the pathogenesis of allergic airway inflammation are unknown and difficult to assess. HLA-DQ6 and HLA-DQ8 transgenic mice lacking(More)
Genetic studies have indicated that susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) maps to the HLA-DR locus of the major histocompatibility complex. Strong linkage disequilibrium between certain HLA-DQ genes and HLA-DR genes associated with RA, however, suggests that HLA-DQ molecules may also play a role in RA susceptibility. To examine the role of HLA-DQ(More)
LFA-1 (CD18,CD11a) is a cell-adhesion molecule that mediates critical immunological processes. In this paper we report the discovery and characterization of (R)-5-(4-bromobenzyl)-3-(3, 5-dichlorophenyl)-1,5-dimethylimidazolidine-2,4-dione (BIRT 377), an orally bioavailable small molecule that interacts specifically with LFA-1 via noncovalent binding to the(More)
Certain HLA-DR alleles have been associated with predisposition to human rheumatoid arthritis (RA). There is also evidence that certain HLA-DQ alleles may also be important in determining susceptibility to RA. We have previously demonstrated that mice transgenic for HLA-DQ8, a DQ allele associated with susceptibility to RA, develop severe arthritis after(More)
As the only cells capable of efficiently resorbing bone, osteoclasts are central mediators of both normal bone remodeling and pathologies associates with excessive bone resorption. However, despite the clear evidence of interplay between osteoclasts and the bone surface in vivo, the role of the bone substrate in regulating osteoclast differentiation and(More)
Previous studies illustrated the influence of T cell subsets on susceptibility or resistance to demyelination in the Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) model of multiple sclerosis. Genetic segregation analysis showed a correlation with disease phenotype in this model with particular V(beta) genes. In this study we investigated the contribution(More)
Murine experimental autoimmune thyroiditis (EAT) is induced in genetically susceptible mice by immunization with mouse thyroglobulin (MTg). We have previously shown that raising the level of circulatory MTg for greater than or equal to 2 to 3 days, by the i.v. injection of soluble MTg or the infusion of thyroid-stimulating hormone, rendered these mice(More)
B10.Q (H-2q) mice congenic for the truncated T cell receptor (TCR) V beta a and V beta c haplotypes were derived to examine the influence of TCR V beta genomic deletions in murine collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Previous studies using gene complementation and segregation analyses suggested that in SWR (H-2q) mice, possession of the V beta a gene deletion(More)
A murine model of asthma is described in which we examined the role of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the pathogenesis of airway reactivity, pulmonary eosinophilia, and inflammation. We sensitized wild-type control [C57BL/6J, (+/+)] and ICAM-1 knockout [C57BL/6J-ICAM-1, (-/-)] mice to ovalbumin (OVA), and challenged them with OVA delivered by(More)