Gerald H Markovitz

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Administration of interleukin-2 (IL-2) leads to pulmonary vascular leak. This form of pulmonary edema has previously been postulated to be due to the in vivo induction of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). To determine whether TNF-alpha plays a role in IL-2-induced pulmonary vascular leak, we performed in situ hybridization of lung sections and(More)
BACKGROUND TauVO(2 )at the onset of constant work rate (CWR) exercise is a variable of aerobic fitness that shortens with physical training and lengthens with cardiopulmonary disease. Determination of tauVO(2) with sufficiently high confidence has typically required multiple exercise transitions limiting its clinical application. OBJECTIVES To design a(More)
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) limits exercise capacity through a variety of complex and intriguing mechanisms, including ventilatory limitation, diffusion impairment, and ventilation-perfusion derangement. Resting pulmonary function testing seldom explains the symptoms nor defines the specific pathophysiology of the individual patient. Cardiopulmonary(More)
The standard of care in the treatment of chronic lung disease includes pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). While evidence of the effectiveness of PR in chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) is robust, that for pulmonary fibrosis and other non-fibrotic restrictive lung diseases is less extensive. However, PR has been shown to improve functional exercise(More)
We present a preliminary case report series of severe, acute carbon monoxide poisoning in which both hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) and therapeutic hypothermia (TH) were used to ameliorate neurological sequelae. Carbon monoxide poisoning is a standard indication for HBO2. While typically used postcardiac arrest, TH has been used for other types of(More)
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is the primary treatment for arterial gas embolism, decompression sickness and acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Though there has been a proliferation of hyperbaric centers throughout the United States, a scarcity of centers equipped to treat emergency indications makes transport of patients necessary. To locate and characterize(More)
It is reported that more than 75% of 400 artisanal fisherman divers working off the Yucatan Peninsula experience decompression sickness (DCS) each year, making DCS an epidemic in this region. These divers use primitive hookah diving support systems (HDSS). Breathing air is supplied from inadequately filtered and poorly maintained gasoline-powered air(More)
BACKGROUND The fraction of inspired oxygen (F(IO(2))) is quoted for different oxygen delivery systems, but variations in inspiratory flow and tidal volume make precise measurement difficult. We developed a reliable method of measuring the effective F(IO(2)) in patients receiving supplemental oxygen. METHODS Ten subjects with chronic hypoxemia breathed(More)
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