Gerald H. Lushington

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Membranous adenylyl cyclases (mACs) constitute a family of nine isoforms with different expression patterns. Studies with mAC gene knockout mice provide evidence for the notion that AC isoforms play distinct (patho)physiological roles. Consequently, there is substantial interest in the development of isoform-selective mAC inhibitors. Here, we review the(More)
OBJECTIVE To screen cDNA for NLGN3 and NLGN4 from lymphoblastoid cells from autistic subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS 10 young autistic females and 30 non-autistic subjects were studied for alterations in two X linked genes, NLGN3 and NLGN4. A novel NLGN4 isoform lacking exon 4, which occurred de novo on the paternal allele, was identified in one of the(More)
The enzyme 5-enolpyruvyl shikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase (EC 2.5.1.19) is essential for the biosynthesis of aromatic compounds in plants and microbes and is the unique target of the herbicide glyphosate. One of the first glyphosate-insensitive enzymes reported was a Gly96Ala mutant of EPSP synthase from Klebsiella pneumoniae. We have introduced this(More)
Adenylyl cyclase (AC) isoforms 1 to 9 are differentially expressed in tissues and constitute an interesting drug target. ACs 1 to 8 are activated by the diterpene, forskolin (FS). It is unfortunate that there is a paucity of AC isoform-selective activators. To develop such compounds, an understanding of the structure/activity relationships of diterpenes is(More)
The human lung cytochrome P450 2A13 (CYP2A13) activates the nicotine-derived procarcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) into DNA-altering compounds that cause lung cancer. Another cytochrome P450, CYP2A6, is also present in human lung, but at much lower levels. Although these two enzymes are 93.5% identical, CYP2A13 metabolizes NNK(More)
Type III secretion (TTS) is an essential virulence function for Shigella flexneri that delivers effector proteins that are responsible for bacterial invasion of intestinal epithelial cells. The Shigella TTS apparatus (TTSA) consists of a basal body that spans the bacterial inner and outer membranes and a needle exposed at the pathogen surface. At the distal(More)
LipidomeDB Data Calculation Environment (DCE) is a web application to quantify complex lipids by processing data acquired after direct infusion of a lipid-containing biological extract, to which a cocktail of internal standards has been added, into an electrospray source of a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. LipidomeDB DCE is located on the public(More)
Despite intense investment growth and technology development, there is an observed bottleneck in drug discovery and development over the past decade. NIH started the Molecular Libraries Initiative (MLI) in 2003 to enlarge the pool for potential drug targets, especially from the “undruggable” part of human genome, and potential drug candidates from much(More)
Mammals express nine membranous adenylyl cyclase isoforms (ACs 1-9), a structurally related soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) and a soluble AC (sAC). Moreover, Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus pertussis produce the AC toxins, edema factor (EF), and adenylyl cyclase toxin (ACT), respectively. 2'(3')-O-(N-methylanthraniloyl)-guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate(More)
Adenylyl cyclases (ACs) are promising pharmacological targets for treating heart failure, cancer, and psychosis. Ribose-substituted nucleotides have been reported as a potent family of AC inhibitors. In silico analysis of the docked conformers of such nucleotides in AC permits assembly of a consistent, intuitive QSAR model with strong correlation relative(More)