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Diploid S. cerevisiae strains undergo a dimorphic transition that involves changes in cell shape and the pattern of cell division and results in invasive filamentous growth in response to starvation for nitrogen. Cells become long and thin and form pseudohyphae that grow away from the colony and invade the agar medium. Pseudohyphal growth allows yeast cells(More)
Mutations at the URA3 locus of Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be obtained by a positive selection. Wild-type strains of yeast (or ura3 mutant strains containing a plasmid-borne URA3 + gene) are unable to grow on medium containing the pyrimidine analog 5-fluoro-orotic acid, whereas ura3 − mutants grow normally. This selection, based on the loss of(More)
A set of genomic plasmid banks was constructed using the centromere-containing yeast shuttle vector YCp50. The centromere-containing vector is useful for the isolation of genes that are toxic to yeast when present in high copy number. Fourteen independent banks were prepared each with an average representation of two to three times the yeast genome. Any(More)
A Candida albicans gene (CPH1) was cloned that encodes a protein homologous to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ste12p, a transcription factor that is the target of the pheromone response mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade. CPH1 complements both the mating defect of ste12 haploids and the filamentous growth defect of ste12/ste12 diploids. Candida albicans(More)
Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae switch from a yeast to a filamentous form. In Saccharomyces, this switch is controlled by two regulatory proteins, Ste12p and Phd1p. Single-mutant strains, ste12/ste12 or phd1/phd1, are partially defective, whereas the ste12/ste12 phd1/phd1 double mutant is completely defective in filamentous growth and is(More)
5-FOA is an extremely useful reagent for the selection of Ura- cells amid a population of Ura+ cells. The selection is effective in transformation and recombination studies where loss of URA3+ is desired. A new plasmid shuffling procedure based on the 5-FOAR selection permits the recovery of conditional lethal mutations in cloned genes that encode vital(More)
Transgenic plants overexpressing the vacuolar H(+)-pyrophosphatase are much more resistant to high concentrations of NaCl and to water deprivation than the isogenic wild-type strains. These transgenic plants accumulate more Na(+) and K(+) in their leaf tissue than the wild type. Moreover, direct measurements on isolated vacuolar membrane vesicles derived(More)
Diploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains starved for nitrogen undergo a developmental transition from a colonial form of growth to a filamentous pseudohyphal form. This dimorphism requires a polar budding pattern and elements of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway essential for mating pheromone response in haploids. We report here that haploid(More)
The EIR1 gene of Arabidopsis is a member of a family of plant genes with similarities to bacterial membrane transporters. This gene is expressed only in the root, which is consistent with the phenotypes of the eir1 mutants-the roots are agravitropic and have a reduced sensitivity to ethylene. The roots of eir1 mutants are also insensitive to the excess(More)
Overexpression of the Arabidopsis thaliana vacuolar H+-pyrophosphatase (AVP1) confers salt tolerance to the salt-sensitive ena1 mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Suppression of salt sensitivity requires two ion transporters, the Gef1 Cl- channel and the Nhx1 Na+/H+ exchanger. These two proteins colocalize to the prevacuolar compartment of yeast and are(More)