Gerald Eli Loeb

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WHEN THE visual cortex in the occipital lobe is electrically stimulated, human subjects see circumscribed and often punctate sensations of light, called phosphenes. Several groups have investigated the possibility of using stimulation with electrodes placed on the surface of the cortex to develop a prosthesis for the blind that might be of value in reading(More)
 Successful performance of a sensorimotor task arises from the interaction of descending commands from the brain with the intrinsic properties of the lower levels of the sensorimotor system, including the dynamic mechanical properties of muscle, the natural coordinates of somatosensory receptors, the interneuronal circuitry of the spinal cord, and(More)
During stereotyped behaviors such as locomotion, patterns of muscle recruitment are usually quite consistent from animal to animal, even in the face of many surgical and pharmacological reductions. However, as studies of musculoskeletal structure, neuromuscular architecture, and sensorimotor circuitry become more detailed, it is important to ask whether(More)
Chronic recordings were made of electromyographic (EMG) activity, tension, and length of distal hindlimb muscles in six cats performing a variety of normal motor tasks. Muscles studied thoroughly or in part were medial gastrocnemius, lateral gastrocnemius, plantaris, soleus, flexor digitorum brevis, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus, tibialis(More)
We have improved the stability and computational efficiency of a physiologically realistic, virtual muscle (VM 3.*) model (Cheng et al 2000 J. Neurosci. Methods 101 117-30) by a simpler structure of lumped fiber types and a novel recruitment algorithm. In the new version (VM 4.0), the mathematical equations are reformulated into state-space representation(More)
1. The modulation of reflex responses in up to 10 simultaneously recorded hindlimb muscles was studied in unrestrained cats walking on a treadmill. Single electrical shocks of various strengths were applied to different skin areas of teh hindlimb at different times of the step cycle while the resulting EMG responses were sampled and analyzed. 2. Two(More)
A new technique has been developed for stable, long-term recording from groups of individual primary afferent neurons in the freely walking cat. A number of fine, flexible wires are inserted into dorsal root ganglia via a small laminotomy in the lumbar spine. The cut end of each wire can record stable and separable action potentials from one to three dorsal(More)
The design of cochlear prosthetic hardware and speech-processing strategies has been driven largely by psychophysical data from postlingually deafened adults with implants. In such subjects, success is related to the ability of the electrical stimulation to evoke the same patterns of neural activity and hence the same percepts as were produced formerly by(More)
Physiological principles of motor control have generally been based on linear servocontrol theories in which transducers of force, length and velocity are used to provide feedback to the motor actuators. Within the past few years, recordings of the activity of motoneurones and proprioceptors during normal motor behaviour have indicated a diversity that is(More)