Gerald E. Shively

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Readers may make verbatim copies of this document for non-commercial purposes by any means, provided that this copyright notice appears on all such copies. Abstract This paper examines ways in which agricultural policies interact and influence incentives for agricultural expansion in frontier areas. A model of household response to economic and technical(More)
Data from the 2011 Nepal Demographic Health Survey are combined with satellite remotely sensed Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data to evaluate whether interannual variability in weather is associated with child health. For stunting, we focus on children older than 24 months of age. NDVI anomaly averages during cropping months are evaluated(More)
Uganda faces a wide range of development challenges, among them regional and seasonal food insecurity and varying degrees of adult and child malnutrition. This paper provides a brief review of topics and available evidence regarding agriculture, food security and malnutrition in Uganda. It is intended to document important source material and provide an(More)
Climate change and degradation of ecosystem services functioning may threaten the ability of current agricultural systems to keep up with demand for adequate and inexpensive food and for clean water, waste disposal and other broader ecosystem services. Human health is likely to be affected by changes occurring across multiple geographic and time scales.(More)
This paper examines how biomass supply and consumption are affected by land use change in Uganda. We find that between 2007 and 2012 there was a 22% reduction in fuelwood sourced from proximate forests, and an 18% increase in fuelwood sourced from fallows and other areas with lower biomass availability and quality. We estimate a series of panel regression(More)
Malawi, a small, landlocked country in south Eastern Africa has been at the forefront of the recent push to reestablish subsidies as a way of boosting agricultural production and improving food security, especially among the poor. Its programs have been widely observed, scrutinized, and emulated. This policy brief examines Malawi's Farm Input Subsidy(More)
Keywords: bioenergy biofuel climate change computable general equilibrium forestry greenhouse gas (GHG) a b s t r a c t Renewable energy is an option for many countries simultaneously seeking to reduce dependence on imported petroleum and to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that contribute to climate change. Forestry can play a role in environmental(More)
We introduce a simple method for detecting outliers in Data Envelopment Analysis. The method is based on two scalar measures. The first is the relative frequency with which an observation appears in the construction of the frontier when testing the efficiency of other observations, and the second is the cumulative weight of an observation in the(More)