Gerald D. Fischbach

Learn More
Both theoretical and experimental work have suggested that central neurons compensate for changes in excitatory synaptic input in order to maintain a relatively constant output. We report here that inhibition of excitatory synaptic transmission in cultured spinal neurons leads to an increase in mEPSC amplitudes, accompanied by an equivalent increase in the(More)
In an effort to identify de novo genetic variants that contribute to the overall risk of autism, the Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative (SFARI) has gathered a unique sample called the Simons Simplex Collection (SSC). More than 2000 families have been evaluated to date. On average, probands in the current sample exhibit moderate to severe autistic(More)
Motor neurons stimulate their postsynaptic muscle targets to synthesize neurotransmitter receptors. Polypeptide signaling molecules may mediate this inductive interaction. Here we report the purification of ARIA, a protein that stimulates the synthesis of muscle acetylcholine receptors, and the isolation of ARIA cDNA. Recombinant ARIA increases(More)
Responses of excitatory amino acid receptors to rapidly applied glutamate were measured in outside-out membrane patches from chick spinal neurons. The peak current varied with glutamate concentration, with a half-maximal response at 510 microM and a Hill coefficient near 2. Currents activated by 1 mM glutamate desensitized and recovered in two phases. The(More)
Several neurotransmitters including noradrenaline (NA), gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and serotonin (5-HT), and also certain peptides, decrease the duration of the Na+-Ca2+ action potential recorded in cell bodies of embryonic chick dorsal root ganglion neurones maintained in cell culture. To determine if these agents decreased action potential duration by(More)
Oligodendrocytes develop from a subpopulation of precursor cells within the ventral ventricular zone of the spinal cord. The molecular cues that direct this spatially and temporally restricted event seem to originate in part from structures ventral to and within the spinal cord. Here, we present evidence that the family of ligands termed neuregulins are(More)
Synaptic potentials can be evoked at nerve-muscle junctions in vitro within minutes after an exploring growth cone contacts a receptive myotube. Functional transmission is also evident in vivo on the time scale of minutes after motor axons enter adjacent myotomes. The ability to release acetylcholine (ACh) may be induced in motor nerve terminals after they(More)
ARIA, heregulin, neu differentiation factor, and glial growth factor are members of a new family of growth and differentiation factors whose effects have been assayed on Schwann cells, skeletal muscle cells, and mammary tumor cell lines. To gain insight into their roles in the CNS, we studied the expression of ARIA in the rat brain. We found ARIA mRNA in(More)
The neuregulins are a complex family of factors that perform many functions during neural development. Recent experiments have shown that neuregulins promote neuronal migration and differentiation, and regulate the selective expression of neurotransmitter receptors in neurons and at the neuromuscular junction. They also regulate glial commitment,(More)
Sensory neurons grown in dispersed cell culture in the absence of non-neuronal cell types contain immunoreactive substance P that is chemically similar to synthetic substance P. When depolarized in high-K+ media (30-120 mM), the neurons release this peptide by a Ca2+-dependent mechanism. An enkephalin analogue, [D-Ala2]enkephalin amide, at 10 micron(More)