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The autism spectrum disorders are a collective of conditions that have in common impaired socialization and communication in association with stereotypic behaviors. The reported incidence of autism spectrum disorders has increased dramatically over the past two decades. In addition, increased attention has been paid to these conditions by both lay and(More)
The case of a young man with multiple brain and somatic anomalies that presented diagnostic difficulties, is discussed in this report. A majority of his features were suggestive of Joubert syndrome--although it was felt that he did not fully meet diagnostic criteria. The subsequent evaluations included a magnetic resonance image of the brain, that was found(More)
The autism spectrum disorders represent a collective of neurogenetic conditions that have in common altered socialization and communication. Much attention has been given lately to the marked increased in the reported incidence of these conditions. Significant debate also exists as to the basis of the reported increase. Regardless, clinical geneticists and(More)
We reviewed the neuroimaging studies of 40 patients with classic Sotos syndrome. The studies consisted of CT scans only in 4 patients and one or more MRI scans in 36 patients. The diagnosis of Sotos syndrome was made using well-established clinical criteria. The neuroimaging studies of each patient were evaluated subjectively by visual inspection and the(More)
Using a simple image analysis system, we have established normative data obtained from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans for the relative size and growth of the major structural domains of the brain. Midsagittal scans of the head were analyzed in 95 subjects aged 0 to 20 years. Only scans with no demonstrable structural abnormalities of the brain were(More)
We present the findings from magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomographic scan, and single photon emission computed tomography of the brain in a 2-year-old girl with Alexander's disease. Computed tomographic scans showed prominent low-density white matter throughout the cerebral hemispheres. Magnetic resonance imaging showed increased T2 signal from the(More)
There are conflicting reports on the relationship between cerebellar vermal lobule hypoplasia and autism. Using quantitative magnetic resonance image analysis, we measured the cerebellar vermis in 125 normal individuals with a broad age range and 102 patients with a variety of neurogenetic abnormalities. We conclude that hypoplasia of cerebellar vermal(More)
OBJECTIVE Neuropathologic evaluation was performed on an infant with fetal alcohol effects. DESIGN Coronal brain sections and representative tissue blocks stained with hematoxylin-eosin, silver stain, and immunocytochemical stains for hypothalamic and pituitary hormones were evaluated for neuropathologic abnormalities. PATIENT A 2.5-month-old American(More)
The size of the corpus callosum was assessed visually and by computer-assisted image analysis in a series of 445 consecutive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in children under 17 years of age. Fifty individuals were subjectively identified with small corpora callosa on visual inspection of the MRI scans. Seven patients had true hypoplasia of the(More)