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Bilateral alternation of muscle contractions requires reciprocal inhibition between the two sides of the hindbrain and spinal cord, and disruption of this inhibition should lead to simultaneous activation of bilateral muscles. At 1 day after fertilization, wild-type zebrafish respond to mechanosensory stimulation with multiple fast alternating trunk(More)
The anatomy of the developing zebrafish spinal cord is relatively simple but, despite this simplicity, it generates a sequence of three patterns of locomotive behaviors. The first behavior exhibited is spontaneous movement, then touch-evoked coiling, and finally swimming. Previous studies in zebrafish have suggested that spontaneous movements occur(More)
Analysis of zebrafish mutants that have defects in motor behavior can allow entrée into the hindbrain and spinal cord networks that control locomotion. Here, we report that zebrafish techno trousers (tnt) locomotor mutants harbor a mutation in slc1a2b, which encodes Eaat2b, a plasma membrane glutamate transporter. We used tnt mutants to explore the effects(More)
The enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE) terminates synaptic transmission at cholinergic synapses by hydrolyzing the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. In addition, AChE is thought to play several 'non-classical' roles that do not require catalytic function. Most prominent among these is facilitation of neurite growth. Here, we report that the zebrafish(More)
We report a simple and rapid method to label individual neurons in live zebrafish embryos and to examine their gene expression profiles. Injection of plasmid DNA encoding an alpha-tubulin promotor driving GFP expression results in mosaic embryos containing a limited number of GFP-positive neurons. Labeled neurons express GFP in their soma and axon,(More)
Zebrafish embryos demonstrate robust swimming behavior, which consists of smooth, alternating body bends. In contrast, several motility mutants have been identified that perform sustained, bilateral trunk muscle contractions which result in abnormal body shortening. Unlike most of these mutants, accordion (acc)(dta5) demonstrates a semidominant effect:(More)
The Deepwater Horizon disaster was the largest marine oil spill in history, and total vertical exposure of oil to the water column suggests it could impact an enormous diversity of ecosystems. The most vulnerable organisms are those encountering these pollutants during their early life stages. Water-soluble components of crude oil and specific polycyclic(More)
The vast majority of signalling pathways in mammalian cells are mediated by heterotrimeric (alpha betagamma) G proteins. Reviewed here is regulation of signal transduction by the betagamma complex at different protein interfaces: subunit-subunit, receptor-G protein and G protein-effector. The role of diverse beta and gamma subunit types in achieving(More)
Heterotrimeric G proteins, composed of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits, transduce signals from transmembrane receptors to a wide range of intracellular effectors. The G protein gamma subunits, which play an indispensible role in this communication, constitute a large and diverse multigene family. Using an interspecific backcross panel, we have determined(More)